Endoscopic Drainage of Pyogenic Liver Abscesses With Suspected Biliary Origin

Sersté, Thomas; Bourgeois, Nadine; Eynden, Frédéric Vanden; Coppens, Emmanuel; Devière, Jacques; Le Moine, Olivier
June 2007
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Jun2007, Vol. 102 Issue 6, p1209
Academic Journal
OBJECTIVES: Pyogenic liver abscesses remain an important and life-threatening clinical problem but their causes and management have changed over the last two decades. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and the impact of an endoscopic approach in the management of liver abscesses with suspected biliary origin. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 16 patients suffering from pyogenic liver abscess, who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the setting of biliary diseases between January 1995 and December 2004. Nine patients had an underlying neoplastic disease; 13 had a history of biliary endoscopic maneuvers. When the collections were communicating with the biliary tree, an endoscopic drainage of the abscess was performed either by sphincterotomy, dilation, insertion of a nasobiliary catheter, or stenting. In noncommunicating liver abscesses associated with bile duct abnormalities, biliary decompression was obtained by insertion or replacement of biliary stents. RESULTS: Fourteen patients had liver abscesses communicating with the biliary system and underwent an endoscopic drainage of the cavity. Ten of these patients had an exclusive endoscopic drainage of the abscess, while four cases required additional percutaneous drainage. The two noncommunicating abscesses were associated with previous insertion of biliary stents; these were cured percutaneously after endoscopic stent replacement. Among the 16 patients, 13 had a rapid resolution of symptoms (81%). CONCLUSION: This initial clinical experience suggests that ERCP can demonstrate communications between the biliary tract and liver abscesses, and that an internal drainage of the cavity is feasible and safe.


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