Excited state calculations on fluorene-based polymer blends: Effect of stacking orientation and solvation

Ramon, John Glenn S.; Bittner, Eric R.
May 2007
Journal of Chemical Physics;5/14/2007, Vol. 126 Issue 18, p181101
Academic Journal
Polyfluorene-based polymer blends have been utilized in the development of optoelectronic devices. The constituent copolymers are chemically designed to facilitate more efficient electron/hole mobility, thereby enhancing control over exciton formation and dissociation. When appropriate pairs of these are blended together, intermolecular charged-particle localizations are induced, leading to significant intermolecular charge-transfer character and luminescence that exhibit some sensitivity to their interfacial orientation. The authors report on a time-dependent density functional theory quantum chemical investigation of the relevant excited states of the polymer blend poly[9,9-dioctylfluorene-co-N-(4-butylphenyl)diphenylamine]/poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-co-benzothiadiazole. They show that the calculated excited states generally agree with experimental observations although there is a consistent underestimation of the charge-transfer states. Further, they show sensitivity to lateral shifts in interfacial stacking. Finally, solvation with a low dielectric solvent greatly stabilizes the charge-transfer states.


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