Most organs of sugar-beet ( Beta vulgaris L.) plants at the vegetative and reproductive stages of development are polysomatic

Lukaszewska, Ewelina; Sliwinska, Elwira
June 2007
Sexual Plant Reproduction;Jun2007, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p99
Academic Journal
Polysomaty was studied using flow cytometry in different organs of diploid, triploid and tetraploid sugar-beet ( Beta vulgaris L.) plants, in the first (at harvest) and the second (at the height of the blooming period) year of development. Of the organs/parts of organs of the vegetative plant that developed during the first year, only the leaf lamina did not contain endopolyploid cells; in all others, one to three endocycles had occurred. The second-year seed-crop plant was also highly polysomatic; even in reproductive organs such as the flower and pericarp the endopolyploid cells were present (up to 8C and 32C, respectively). At this stage of development no endocycles occurred in the leaf lamina, flower bract, and inflorescence bract. The parts of the plant with no endopolyploid cells are recommended for ploidy estimation, and as a material suitable for micropropagation and genetic manipulations. Endoreduplication, up to 32C (64Cx), was organ-specific and correlated negatively with plant ploidy. The highest mean C-value, over 7, was in the diploid, in the basal part of the oldest leaf petiole in the first-year plant, and in the storage parenchyma of the root in the second-year seed-crop plant. The results confirm that higher endopolyploidy occurs in plants with a smaller 2C DNA amount than in those with a larger one. The significance of endopolyploidization in development of sugar-beet plant organs is discussed.

Tags: SUGAR beet -- Varieties;  PLANTS -- Reproduction;  PLANT cytogenetics;  PLANT physiology;  CROPS -- Development;  PLANT cells & tissues -- Growth;  FLOW cytometry


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