Continuum theory of polymer crystallization

Kundagrami, Arindam; Muthukumar, M.
April 2007
Journal of Chemical Physics;4/14/2007, Vol. 126 Issue 14, p144901
Academic Journal
We present a kinetic model of crystal growth of polymers of finite molecular weight. Experiments help to classify polymer crystallization broadly into two kinetic regimes. One is observed in melts or in high molar mass polymer solutions and is dominated by nucleation control with G∼exp(1/TΔT), where G is the growth rate and ΔT is the supercooling. The other is observed in low molar mass solutions (as well as for small molecules) and is diffusion controlled with G∼ΔT, for small ΔT. Our model unifies these two regimes in a single formalism. The model accounts for the accumulation of polymer chains near the growth front and invokes an entropic barrier theory to recover both limits of nucleation and diffusion control. The basic theory applies to both melts and solutions, and we numerically calculate the growth details of a single crystal in a dilute solution. The effects of molecular weight and concentration are also determined considering conventional polymer dynamics. Our theory shows that entropic considerations, in addition to the traditional energetic arguments, can capture general trends of a vast range of phenomenology. Unifying ideas on crystallization from small molecules and from flexible polymer chains emerge from our theory.


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