TITLE

Accessory Breasts: A Historical and Current Perspective

AUTHOR(S)
Loukas, Marios; Clarke, Pamela; Tubbs, R. Shane
PUB. DATE
May 2007
SOURCE
American Surgeon;May2007, Vol. 73 Issue 5, p525
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The presence of accessory breast tissue such as extra nipples (polythelia) and extra breast (polymastia) is relatively common, with a high incidence of being misdiagnosed in clinical medicine. Although polythelia is congenital in origin and is identifiable at childhood, polymastia may not be evident until the influence of sex hormones during puberty. In this article, we present a review of the literature concerning the historical background of accessory breasts, their incidence, their misdiagnoses, and their association with other syndromes and diseases. Finally, we present the common treatment options available today for such conditions.
ACCESSION #
25013676

 

Related Articles

  • Benign Breast Diseases: Classification, Diagnosis, and Management. Merih Guray // Oncologist;May2006, Vol. 11 Issue 5, p435 

    Benign breast diseases constitute a heterogeneous group of lesions including developmental abnormalities, inflammatory lesions, epithelial and stromal proliferations, and neoplasms. In this review, common benign lesions are summarized and their relationship to the development of subsequent...

  • Sigmoid Kidney Associated with Double Urethra. Naik, R.; Narang, Jayant // Indian Journal of Surgery;Jan2011, Vol. 73 Issue 1, p61 

    An unusual case of crossed renal ectopia (sigmoid kidney) in an adult, compounded with double urethra, is being presented for its rarity and mode of presentation.

  • Treatment of Mammary Duct Fistula by Fistulectomy and Saucerization. Beechey-Newman, N.; Kothari, A.; Kulkarni, D.; Hamed, H.; Fentiman, I. S. // World Journal of Surgery;Jan2006, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p63 

    This study was designed to assess the efficacy and long-term outcome of fistulectomy and saucerization for treatment of mammary duct fistulae. Mammary fistula is a chronic condition that represents the final step in what has been termed “mammary duct associated inflammatory disease...

  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy after Natalizumab Therapy for Crohn's Disease. Van Assche, Gert; Van Ranst, Marc; Sciot, Raf; Dubois, Bénédicte; Vermeire, Séverine; Noman, Maja; Verbeeck, Jannick; Geboes, Karel; Robberecht, Wim; Rutgeerts, Paul // New England Journal of Medicine;7/28/2005, Vol. 353 Issue 4, p362 

    The prior diagnosis of fatal astrocytoma in a 60-year-old man with Crohn's disease treated with natalizumab, a monoclonal antibody against α4 integrins, was reclassified as JC virus–related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Analysis of frozen serum samples showed that...

  • How a series of errors led to recurrent hypoglycemia. Singh, Ranjit // Journal of Family Practice;Jun2006, Vol. 55 Issue 6, p489 

    The article presents a study on how a series of errors has led to a recurring hypoglycemia. The study presents the case of a 56-year-old African American male patient with a history of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, gout and post-traumatic stress disorder who was diagnosed with prostate cancer....

  • Discrepancies Between Clinical And Post-Mortem Diagnoses In Jamaica: An Evaluation Of Clinical Over Diagnoses. Gibson, Tracey N.; Shirley, Suzanne E.; Escoffery, Carlos T.; Reid, Marvin // Internet Journal of Pathology;2007, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p1 

    We previously documented that, at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI), overdiagnoses (clinical diagnoses uncorroborated at autopsy) comprised a significant proportion of clinical discrepancies. In order to analyze these overdiagnoses and attempt to determine the diseases for which...

  • Discrepancies Between Clinical And Post-Mortem Diagnoses In Jamaica: An Evaluation Of Clinical Over Diagnoses. Gibson, Tracey N.; Shirley, Suzanne E.; Escoffery, Carlos T.; Reid, Marvin // Internet Journal of Pediatrics & Neonatology;2007, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p1 

    We previously documented that, at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI), overdiagnoses (clinical diagnoses uncorroborated at autopsy) comprised a significant proportion of clinical discrepancies. In order to analyze these overdiagnoses and attempt to determine the diseases for which...

  • Recomendaciones para el manejo de las malformaciones arteriovenosas cerebrales. Spagnuolo, E.; Lemme-Plaghos, L.; Revilla, F.; Quintana, L.; Antico, J. // Revista Neurocirugia;2009, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p5 

    Intracranial arteriovenous malformations constitute an heterogenous group of lesions that represent a real challenge to the neurosurgeon. Their variability in size, topography, angioarchitecture angioarchitecture, etc., and also the multiple clinical presentations, lead to varied therapeutic...

  • Capecitabine.  // Reactions Weekly;12/1/2007, Issue 1180, p9 

    The article describes the case of two patients who developed diffuse palmoplantar keratoderma following erythrodysaesthesia (hand foot syndrome) while receiving capecitabine for metastatic breast cancer. After receiving tamoxifen therapy and oral capecitabine, the first patient presented with...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics