Educated Preferences: Explaining Attitudes Toward Immigration in Europe

Hainmueller, Jens; Hiscox, Michael J.
March 2007
International Organization;Spring2007, Vol. 61 Issue 2, p399
Academic Journal
Recent studies of individual attitudes toward immigration emphasize concerns about labor-market competition as a potent source of anti-immigrant sentiment, in particular among less-educated or less-skilled citizens who fear being forced to compete for jobs with low-skilled immigrants willing to work for much lower wages. We examine new data on attitudes toward immigration available from the 2003 European Social Survey. In contrast to predictions based on conventional arguments about labor-market competition, which anticipate that individuals will oppose immigration of workers with similar skills to their own but support immigration of workers with different skill levels, we find that people with higher levels of education and occupational skills are more likely to favor immigration regardless of the skill attributes of the immigrants in question. Across Europe, higher education and higher skills mean more support for all types of immigrants. These relationships are almost identical among individuals in the labor force (that is, those competing for jobs) and those not in the labor force. Contrary to the conventional wisdom, then, the connection between the education or skill levels of individuals and views about immigration appears to have very little, if anything, to do with fears about labormarket competition. This finding is consistent with extensive economic research showing that the income and employment effects of immigration in European economies are actually very small. We find that a large component of the link between education and attitudes toward immigrants is driven by differences among individuals in cultural values and beliefs. More educated respondents are significantly less racist and place greater value on cultural diversity than do their counterparts; they are also more likely to believe that immigration generates benefits for the host economy as a whole.


Related Articles

  • Getting in Legally: Nonimmigrant Visas. Limón, José E.; Hunter, Miranda // Crossing the Border: Latino Americans & Immigration Laws;2005, p48 

    This article provides information on nonimmigrant visas being used to enter the U.S. legally. Nonimmigrant visas exist for many different categories. Categories of visas exist specifically for tourism and business, temporary workers, students, cultural exchange program participants, religious...

  • A US Visa Applicant's Ordeal.  // Economic Review (05318955);Jan2004, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p2 

    Relates the experiences and complaints of a 70-year-old man who had difficulties renewing his travel visa to the U.S. Travel restrictions and conditions; Immigration policies; Status of the man as a frequent traveler and holder of a visa; Complaints against the agency granting visa renewals and...

  • Who Should Get in? The Ethics of Immigration Admissions. Carens, Joseph H. // Ethics & International Affairs (Wiley-Blackwell);2003, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p95 

    Identifies the norms and principles embedded in the immigration practices of liberal democratic states. Ethics of immigration admissions; Concept of obligatory and discretionary admissions; Criteria of exclusion in the immigration policy of the U.S.

  • Homeland Security: Overstay Tracking Is a Key Component of a Layered Defense: GAO-04-170T.  // GAO Reports;10/16/2003, p1 

    Each year, millions of visitors, foreign students, and immigrants come to the United States. Visitors may enter on a legal temporary basis--that is, with an authorized period of admission that expires on a specific date--either (1) with temporary visas (generally for tourism,business,or work)...

  • Group 4 Call-In Registration Set for Nationals of Five New Countries.  // Venulex Legal Summaries;2003 Q1, p1 

    The article presents a notice on the Group 4 call-in registration established by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). The registration is intended for males aged 16 and above from Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan and Kuwait. Group 4 registration will cover males from the...

  • The Visa Waiver Program. Siskind, Gregory // Venulex Legal Summaries;2003 Q3, p1 

    The article discusses the Visa Waiver Program in the U.S. The program allows citizens of designated countries to enter the U.S. as business or tourist visitors for up to 90 days without requiring a visa. 27 countries participate in the program. The program was altered when all Visa Waiver...

  • California's second desperate immigration SOS. Ireland, Jan // Business Journal Serving Fresno & the Central San Joaquin Valley;3/12/2004, Issue 323216, p29 

    Comments on the proposed constitutional amendment, which would deny services to illegal aliens in California. Votes of the Save Our State constitutional amendment ballot initiative; Details of the amendment; Provision of the amendment on denying immigration rights of these aliens in the state.

  • H-1B visa plan hits a wall.  // Network World;10/2/2006, Vol. 23 Issue 38, p5 

    The article reports on the problem of the provision of H-1B U.S. visa immigration in 2006. In June, the senate sanctioned a motion that would increase the number of visa workers allowed from 65,000 to 115,000 until the threshold will be met. However, the stipulated condition of the visa got...

  • Certifications of Foreign Health Care Workers. Siskind, Gregory // Venulex Legal Summaries;2004 Q3, p1 

    The article discusses the final regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security for health care workers on non-immigrant visas in July 2004. A certificate from an approved organization is required to verify a worker's credentials under Section 343 of the Illegal Immigration Reform...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics