Computationally efficient description of relativistic electron beam transport in collisionless plasma

Polomarov, Oleg; Sefkow, Adam B.; Kaganovich, Igor; Shvets, Gennady
April 2007
Physics of Plasmas;Apr2007, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p043103
Academic Journal
A reduced approach to modeling the electromagnetic Weibel instability and relativistic electron beam transport in collisionless background plasma is developed. Beam electrons are modeled by macroparticles and the background plasma is represented by electron fluid. Conservation of generalized vorticity and quasineutrality of the plasma-beam system are used to simplify the governing equations. The method is suitable for modeling the nonlinear stages of collisionless beam-plasma interaction. A computationally efficient code based on this reduced description is developed and benchmarked against a standard particle-in-cell code. The full-scale two-dimensional numerical simulation of the Weibel instability saturation of a low-current electron beam is presented. Using the present approach, linear growth rates of the Weibel instability are derived for the cold and finite-temperature beams.


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