TITLE

Mechanisms of anesthetic actions and the brain

AUTHOR(S)
Ishizawa, Yumiko
PUB. DATE
May 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Anesthesia;2007, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p187
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The neural mechanisms behind anesthetic-induced behavioral changes such as loss of consciousness, amnesia, and analgesia, are insufficiently understood, though general anesthesia has been of tremendous importance for the development of medicine. In this review, I summarize what is currently known about general anesthetic actions at different organizational levels and discuss current and future research, using systems neuroscience approaches such as functional neuroimaging and quantitative electrophysiology to understand anesthesia actions at the integrated brain level.
ACCESSION #
24940696

 

Related Articles

  • Coma. Wijdicks, Eelco F. M. // Practical Neurology (BMJ Publishing Group);Feb2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p51 

    The article offers information on the cause, treatment and neurological examinations regarding coma. It refers coma as lost of consciousness due to brain damage or failure from accidents. Meanwhile, comatose patients undergo neurological examination processes to find the cause of coma including...

  • Anaesthesia, amnesia and harm. Glannon, Walter // Journal of Medical Ethics;Oct2014, Vol. 40 Issue 10, p651 

    Anaesthesia causes unconsciousness by suppressing neural mechanisms mediating arousal and awareness. It also causes amnesia by disrupting mechanisms of memory consolidation. Some patients under general anaesthesia unexpectedly become aware during surgery and form a traumatic memory of their...

  • Who needs CT after minor head trauma?  // Patient Care;4/30/1996, Vol. 30 Issue 8, p78 

    Presents information on a study conducted by researchers on patients who suffered blunt head trauma followed by loss of consciousness or amnesia. Patients who had abnormal CT findings; Reason for CT scan in patients who had no other symptoms.

  • Use of anaesthesia. Horton, Jean M. // British Medical Journal;7/5/1980, Vol. 281 Issue 6232, p38 

    Focuses on the management of unconscious patient. Emphasis on anesthesia as pharmacologically induced state of unconsciousness; Prevention of unconsciousness complications; Details of the nursing care of conscious patient.

  • Recommendations for Grading of Concussion in Athletes. Leclerc, S.; Lassonde, M.; delaney, J.S.; Lacroix, V.J.; Johnston, K.M. // Sports Medicine;Jun2001, Vol. 31 Issue 8, p629 

    Mild sports-related concussions, in which there is no loss of consciousness, account for >75% of all sports-related brain injury. Universal agreement on concussion definition and severity grading does not exist. Grading systems represent expertise of clinicians and researchers yet scientific...

  • The art of providing anaesthesia in Greek mythology. Ntaidou, T. K.; Siempos, I. I. // Anaesthesia & Intensive Care;Jul2012 Supplement, Vol. 40, p22 

    The article discusses the literature of Greek mythology and myths pertaining to the three components of anaesthesia and myochalasis. Hypnosis, analgesia, and amnesia are said to be the three components of anaesthesia. Providing sleep was considered a power ascribed mainly to gods. Examples of...

  • TRPV1: On the Road to Pain Relief. Jara-Oseguera, Andr�s; Simon, Sidney A.; Rosenbaum, Tamara // Current Molecular Pharmacology;Nov2008, Vol. 1 Issue 3, p255 

    Historically, drug research targeted to pain treatment has focused on trying to prevent the propagation of action potentials in the periphery from reaching the brain rather than pinpointing the molecular basis underlying the initial detection of the nociceptive stimulus: the receptor itself....

  • Anesthetic management of patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy: Two case reports. Kunisawa, Takayuki; Sakurai, Koichi; Takahata, Osamu; Hamada, Ichiro; Shimizu, Keiko; Iwasaki, Hiroshi // Internet Journal of Anesthesiology;2010, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p1 

    We used typical anesthetic techniques for anesthetic management of patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) undergoing abdominal and gynecological surgery. The patients, a 54-year-old man and a 22-year-old woman, had ventricular tachycardia (VT), and the...

  • Anesthetic care of Roberts syndrome: A Case report. Khandrani, Jitesh; Rajput, Anant; Khan, A.; Nagrale, Manda // Internet Journal of Anesthesiology;2010, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p1 

    Roberts Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder, characterized by multiple systemic involvement. In this report we describe the presentation and management of a case of Roberts syndrome. We report this case of a 4 year old boy who presented with tetraphocomelia, operated cleft lip & palate, mild...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics