TITLE

Smoking cessation via the Internet: A randomized clinical trial of an Internet intervention as adjuvant treatment in a smoking cessation intervention

AUTHOR(S)
Japuntich, Sandra J.; Zehner, Mark E.; Smith, Stevens S.; Jorenby, Douglas E.; Valdez, José A.; Fiore, Michael C.; Baker, Timothy B.; Gustafson, David H.
PUB. DATE
December 2006
SOURCE
Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2006 Supplement 2, Vol. 8, p59
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Internet interventions for smoking cessation are ubiquitous. Yet, to date, there are few randomized clinical trials that gauge their efficacy. This study is a randomized clinical trial (N = 284, n = 140 in the treatment group, n = 144 in the control group) of an Internet smoking cessation intervention. Smokers were randomly assigned to receive either bupropion plus counseling alone, or bupropion and counseling in addition to 12 weeks of access to the Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System for Smoking Cessation and Relapse Prevention (CHESS SCRP; a Web site which provided information on smoking cessation as well as support). We found that access to CHESS SCRP was not significantly related to abstinence at the end of the treatment period (OR = 1.13, 95% CI 0.66-2.62) or at 6 months postquit (OR = 1.48, 95% CI 0.66-2.62). However, the number of times participants used CHESS SCRP per week was related to abstinence at both end of treatment (OR = 1.79, 95% CI 1.25-2.56) and at the 6-month follow-up (OR = 1.59, 95% CI 1.06-2.38). Participants with access to CHESS SCRP logged in an average of 33.64 times (SD = 30.76) over the 90-day period of access. Rates of CHESS SCRP use did not differ by ethnicity, level of education or gender (all p>.05). In sum, results suggest that participants used CHESS SCRP frequently, CHESS SCRP use was related to success, but the effects in general did not yield intergroup effects.
ACCESSION #
24925013

 

Related Articles

  • Characteristics of smokers reached and recruited to an Internet smoking cessation trial: A case of denominators. Graham, Amanda L.; Bock, Beth C.; Cobb, Nathan K.; Niaura, Raymond; Abrams, David B. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2006 Supplement 2, Vol. 8, p43 

    The Internet can deliver smoking cessation interventions to large numbers of smokers. Little is known about the feasibility, reach, or efficacy of Internet cessation interventions. Virtually no data exist on who enrolls in cessation programs or on differences between those who complete...

  • Internet- vs. telephone-administered questionnaires in a randomized trial of smoking cessation. Graham, Amanda L.; Papandonatos, George D.; Bock, Beth C.; Cobb, Nathan K.; Baskin-Sommers, Arielle; Niaura, Raymond; Abrams, David B. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2006 Supplement 2, Vol. 8, p49 

    The Internet offers a promising channel to conduct smoking cessation research. Among the advantages of Internet research are the ability to access large numbers of participants who might not otherwise participate in a cessation trial, and the ability to conduct research efficiently and...

  • Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT): I. Cohort Results from a Four-Year Community Intervention.  // American Journal of Public Health;Feb1995, Vol. 85 Issue 2, p183 

    Objectives. The primary hypothesis of COMMIT (Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation) was that a community-level, multichannel, 4-year intervention would increase quit rates among cigarette smokers, with heavy smokers (≥25 cigarettes per day) of priority. Methods. One community...

  • Web-based support as an adjunct to group-based smoking cessation for adolescents. Mermelstein, Robin; Turner, Lindsey // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2006 Supplement 2, Vol. 8, p69 

    Although group-based programs remain the most common treatment approach for adolescent smoking cessation, success rates for these programs have been relatively modest, and their reach may be limited. Web-based adjuncts may be one way to boost the efficacy and reach of group-based approaches. The...

  • Successful participant recruitment strategies for an online smokeless tobacco cessation program. Gordon, Judith S.; Akers, Laura; Severson, Herbert H.; Danaher, Brian G.; Boles, Shawn M. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2006 Supplement 2, Vol. 8, p35 

    An estimated 22% of Americans currently use smokeless tobacco (ST). Most live in small towns and rural areas that offer few ST cessation resources. Approximately 94 million Americans use the Internet for health-related information, and on-line access is growing among lower-income and...

  • Persuasive Features in Web-Based Alcohol and Smoking Interventions: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Lehto, Tuomas; Oinas-Kukkonen, Harri // Journal of Medical Internet Research;Jul-Sep2011, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p2 

    Background: In the past decade, the use of technologies to persuade, motivate, and activate individuals' health behavior change has been a quickly expanding field of research. The use of the Web for delivering interventions has been especially relevant. Current research tends to reveal little...

  • Two Complementary Personal Medication Management Applications Developed on a Common Platform: Case Report. Ross, Stephen E.; Johnson, Kevin B.; Siek, Katie A.; Gordon, Jeffry S.; Khan, Danish U.; Haverhals, Leah M. // Journal of Medical Internet Research;Jul-Sep2011, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p1 

    Background: Adverse drug events are a major safety issue in ambulatory care. Improving medication self-management could reduce these adverse events. Researchers have developed medication applications for tethered personal health records (PHRs), but little has been reported about medication...

  • Out of the Ashes: The Life, Death, and Rebirth of the "Safer" Cigarette in the United States. Fairchild, Amy; Colgrove, James // American Journal of Public Health;Feb2004, Vol. 94 Issue 2, p192 

    From 1964 through the early 1980s, both federal and voluntary agencies endorsed the concept of "safer" cigarettes. Beginning in the mid-1980s, several factors, including revelations of tobacco industry malfeasance, the development of nicotine replacement therapy, and the reconceptualization of...

  • A list of the most popular smoking cessation Web sites and a comparison of their quality. Etter, Jean-François // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2006 Supplement 2, Vol. 8, p27 

    To identify the most popular smoking cessation Web sites and to compare their quality, we conducted an Internet survey of 706 U.S. current and former smokers who had already visited such a Web site. Participants cited 133 different sites and rated their quality. Surprisingly, two of the three...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics