Analysis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis associated uveitis in India over the last 16 years

Sudharshan, S.; Biswas, Jyotirmay; Ganesh, Sudha K.
May 2007
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;May2007, Vol. 55 Issue 3, p199
Academic Journal
journal article
Aim: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) associated uveitis is one of the most common causes of visual morbidity in children. We report the systemic, clinical and investigational features of a cohort of all cases of JIA associated uveitis seen at our referral uveitis clinic between 1988 and 2004.Study Design: Retrospective case seriesMaterials and Methods: All patients of JIA seen at the uveitis clinic of tertiary eye care hospital, between 1988 and 2004 with minimum follow up of 3 months were included. Complete history and ophthalmic evaluation and findings on each visit were noted. Ocular complications were identified and recorded. Results of laboratory investigations and diagnostic as well as therapeutic procedures were analyzed. A rheumatologist managed systemic status.Results: There were 40 patients (64 eyes) with JIA. Thirty four patients (85%) had pauciarticular type and 6 patients (15%) had polyarticular type of JIA. Complicated cataract and band shaped keratopathy were seen in 38 eyes (63%) and 37 eyes (62%) respectively. Twenty-two patients (17 bilateral and 5 unilateral) were treated with immunosuppressives and in 19 of these patients, the disease went into remission. Twenty-three eyes (38%) had improvement in visual acuity while in 27 eyes (45%), the vision remained stable and in 10 eyes (17%), vision deteriorated despite therapy.Conclusion: In India, JIA associated uveitis commonly presented in pauciarticular type with preponderance in males. Rheumatoid arthritis factor and anti nuclear antibodies were not as common as compared to the western population. Among long-term treatment options, immunosuppressives are a better choice. Ocular surgery was performed when mandatory for visual rehabilitation.


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