Amazing Grace Helped Standardize Navy Data Processing Operations

Winkler, David F.
March 2007
Sea Power;Mar2007, Vol. 50 Issue 3, p61
The article focuses on the valuable contribution of Rear Admiral Grace Hopper to the standardization of the U.S. Navy's information processing systems. She was called by the Navy on August 1, 1967 to standardize the computer languages for all computers and was instrumental for the creation of the Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL). COBOL was adopted by the Navy in 1960 and was the programming language utilized for its mainframe computers.


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