TITLE

Breath Hydrogen Test in the Diagnosis of Environmental Enteropathy in Children Living in an Urban Slum

AUTHOR(S)
Jairo dos Reis; Carlos Oliva; Ulysses Fagundes-Neto
PUB. DATE
May 2007
SOURCE
Digestive Diseases & Sciences;May2007, Vol. 52 Issue 5, p1253
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract  The aim of this study was to evaluate the breath hydrogen test in the diagnosis of small intestine bacterial overgrowth associated with asymptomatic environmental enteropathy in children living in an urban slum. Fifty school-age children living in a slum and 50 children who attended a private health clinic in the same town were included in the study. Breath hydrogen test was carried out after the administration of lactulose or glucose on two different days. Bacterial overgrowth was diagnosed when the hydrogen concentration increased more than 20 ppm in a sample collected for up to 60 min. Production of hydrogen was greater after the ingestion of lactulose than after the ingestion of glucose. Bacterial overgrowth was noted in 37.5% of the children living in the slum and in 2.1% of the control group (P < 0.001). The children living in the slum presented a higher proportion of bacterial overgrowth when lactulose was used in the breath hydrogen test.
ACCESSION #
24848655

 

Related Articles

  • A case of Dettol addiction. Khan, J.S.; Wilson, M.C.; Taylor, T.V. // British Medical Journal;3/24/1979, Vol. 1 Issue 6166, p791 

    Focuses on the addiction to dettol ingestion. Discussions on gastrointestinal symptoms; Evaluations on alkaline phosphate activity; Effects of isopropyl alcohol.

  • Bacterial and viral etiology of childhood diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Bonkoungou, Isidore Juste O.; Haukka, Kaisa; Österblad, Monica; Hakanen, Antti J.; Traoré, Alfred S.; Barro, Nicolas; Siitonen, Anja // BMC Pediatrics;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Diarrhea is the most frequent health problem among children in developing countries. This study investigated the bacterial and viral etiology and related clinical and epidemiological factors in children with acute diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Methods: Stool specimens were...

  • Short bowel syndrome: a nutritional and medical approach. Jeejeebhoy, Khursheed N. // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;5/14/2002, Vol. 166 Issue 10, p1297 

    Discusses short bowel syndrome, which occurs after extensive small bowel resection disturbs the normal absorptive processes for nutrients and fluids. Medical and dietary approach to managing the condition; Topics of diarrhea and replacement of specific deficiencies such as minerals and...

  • Dietary intakes, resting metabolic rates, and body composition in benign and malignant gastrointestinal disease. Burke, M.; Bryson, Elaine I.; Kark, A.E. // British Medical Journal;1/26/1980, Vol. 280 Issue 6209, p211 

    Evaluates the dietary protein and intakes in patients with gastrointestinal disease. Relation of dietary intake to the body composition; Resting metabolic rate in patients; Effect of inadequate food intake to the weight of the patients.

  • Coeliac disease. Feighery, Conleth // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);07/24/99, Vol. 319 Issue 7204, p236 

    Focuses on coeliac disease, an inflammatory disease of the upper small intestine and results from gluten ingestion in genetically susceptible individuals. Symptoms and signs; Associated diseases; Diagnosis and treatment; Prognosis and complications. INSET: Summary points.

  • Quantitative Estimates of Soil Ingestion in Normal Children between the Ages of 2 and 7 years: Population-based Estimates Using Aluminum, Silicon, and Titanium as Soil Tracer Elements. Davis, Scott; Waller, Patti; Buschbom, Ray; Ballou, John; White, Paul // Archives of Environmental Health;Mar/Apr90, Vol. 45 Issue 2 

    Estimates soil ingestion in normal children in Washington. Use of aluminum, silicon and titanium as soil tracer elements in assessing daily soil ingestion; Analysis on the collected samples using x-ray fluorescence spectrometry; Absence of a consistent pattern emerged on a demographic profile...

  • 18F-fluoro-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET) for assessment of enteropathy-type T cell lymphoma. Hoffmann, M.; Vogelsang, H.; Kletter, K.; Zettinig, G.; Chott, A.; Raderer, M. // Gut;Mar2003, Vol. 52 Issue 3, p347 

    Background and aims: Enteropathy-type T cell lymphoma (ETCL) represents a relatively rare disease, accounting for less than 1% of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. ETCL is an aggressive lymphoma which may either present de novo or arise in the context of longstanding or untreated coeliac disease (CD)....

  • Cambodia protects 75% of children against parasites.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;7/9/2004, Vol. 79 Issue 28, p11 

    With the recent completion of its latest treatment campaign against intestinal parasites, Cambodia has become the first country to protect three out of four school-aged children against intestinal parasites and reach World Health Organization's anti-parasite target, six years ahead of schedule....

  • (CHILDREN) Foundation Funds Intestinal Diseases Projects with $5K Each.  // Community Health Funding Week;3/11/2011, p9 

    The article reports that the Child Health Foundation is offering grants of 5000 dollars through its Innovative Small Grants Program to support innovative research or innovative service projects aimed at improving the health of infants, children and pregnant women. In 2011, the foundation is...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics