Comparison of cigarette and water pipe smoking among female university students in Egypt

Labib, Nargis; Radwan, Ghada; Mikhail, Nabiel; Mohamed, Mostafa K.; El Setouhy, Maged; Loffredo, Christopher; Israel, Ebenezer
May 2007
Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2007, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p591
Academic Journal
This study investigated behavioral and sociodemographic factors associated with tobacco use among female university students patronizing water pipe cafes in Cairo, Egypt. We interviewed two groups of female university student smokers (100 and 96 students from a public and a private university, respectively). The interviews took place in nine water pipe cafes near the two universities. A logistic regression model was developed to analyze the relationship between tobacco-related knowledge and beliefs and the choice between smoking water pipe or cigarettes. Among these smokers, 27% smoked cigarettes only, 37.8% smoked water pipe only, and 35.2% smoked both types of tobacco. Most of the water pipe smokers (74.1%) preferred this method because they believe it to be less harmful than smoking cigarettes. More than half of the subjects were encouraged to start smoking by other females (56.6%). Curiosity was a significant factor for initiation (OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.3-6.2, p<.01). We found no significant differences between water pipe and cigarette smokers regarding current age, age at initiation, quit attempts, knowledge about the hazards of smoking, wanting to be fashionable, or smoking with friends. About one in four (23.7%) attempted to quit, with health cited as a major reason. An urgent need exists for correction of the misperception among this study population that water pipe smoking is safe and less harmful than cigarette smoking.


Related Articles

  • Smokers' beliefs about the relative safety of other tobacco products: findings from the ITC collaboration. O'Connor, Richard J.; McNeill, Ann; Borland, Ron; Hammond, David; King, Bill; Boudreau, Christian; Cummings, K. Michael // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Oct2007, Vol. 9 Issue 10, p1033 

    Most tobacco control efforts in western countries focus on the factory-made, mass-produced (FM) cigarette, whereas other tobacco products receive relatively little attention. Noncombusted tobacco products (i.e., referred to as smokeless tobacco), particularly Swedish-style snus, carry lower...

  • Waterpipe smoking in Kuwait. Mohammed, H.R.; Zhang, Y.; Newman, I.M.; Shell, D.F. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Nov2010, Vol. 16 Issue 11, p1115 

    A nonrandom sample of 2972 Kuwaitis answered a questionnaire about smoking behaviour and beliefs. More than one-third (35%) were nonsmokers, 45% smoked only the waterpipe, 12% only cigarettes and 8% both waterpipe and cigarettes. Compared with cigarette smokers, waterpipe smokers were more...

  • Waterpipe smoking and nicotine exposure: A review of the current evidence. Neergaard, James; Singh, Pramil; Job, Jayakaran; Montgomery, Susanne // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Oct2007, Vol. 9 Issue 10, p987 

    The waterpipe, also known as shisha, hookah, narghile, goza, and hubble bubble, has long been used for tobacco consumption in the Middle East, India, and parts of Asia, and more recently has been introduced into the smokeless tobacco market in western nations. We reviewed the published...

  • Exhaled CO higher after using hookah than after cigarettes.  // Nursing Standard;3/12/2008, Vol. 22 Issue 27, p14 

    The article reports on the findings of a study conducted by students at one university in the U.S. regarding the effect of smoking tobacco through waterpipes. The study showed that high levels of exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) after smoking tobacco through waterpipes could set a significant risk....

  • Hookah smoking and cancer: carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels in exclusive/ever hookah smokers. Sajid, Khan Mohammad; Chaouachi, Kamal; Mahmood, Rubaida // Harm Reduction Journal;2008, Vol. 5, Special section p1 

    Background: We have recently published some work on CEA levels in hookah (also called narghile, shisha elsewhere) and cigarette smokers. Hookah smokers had higher levels of CEA than non-smokers although mean levels were low compared to cigarette smokers. However some of them were also users of...

  • WATER PIPE SMOKING POSES PERIODONTAL DISEASE RISK. Lund, Amy E. // Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA);Jan2006, Vol. 137 Issue 1, p24 

    The article relates the clinical examinations conducted on water pipe smoking. Research shows that the relative risk for periodontal disease increased by 5.0-fold in water pipe smokers and 3.8-fold in cigarette smokers compared to nonsmokers. It is found out that increased levels of nicotine and...

  • Hookah is safer than cigarettes? Think again. JOHNSON, LIZZIE // Investigate;Oct/Now2014, Vol. 11 Issue 146, p26 

    The article discusses whether hookah is safer thatn cigarettes. The author talks about a study from the University of Michigan's Monitoring which suggests a 21-percent increase in hookah usage among high school seniors in the past year. Another study funded by the National Institutes of Health...

  • ARE PIPE SMOKERS PEOPLE? Ford, Corey // Saturday Evening Post;7/11/1959, Vol. 232 Issue 2, p25 

    The article focuses on pipe smokers. Everybody loves a man who smokes a pipe. At least, all the nationwide surveys that were conducted in the United States say so. A recent poll by the Pipe and Tobacco Council of New York reveals that pipe-smoking males are more attractive to 64 percent of the...

  • 44. MYNHEER VAN KLAES, THE KING OF SMOKERS. BONDESON, JAN // Fortean Times;Feb2016, Issue 337, p76 

    The article profiles Mynheer van Klaes, the celebrated of King of Smokers in the Netherlands who died in May 1872. Topics discussed include his Tobacco Museum containing specimens of tobacco from all parts of the world, alcohol consumption, his will inviting all smokers in the country to attend...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics