Petkevičius, Saulius
March 2007
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika;2007, Vol. 37 Issue 59, p53
Academic Journal
The regulation of helminth populations in the host's gastrointestinal tract is a complex process, influenced by host immunological and nutritional status, age and breed of the animal. The interaction between helminth infection and nutrition can be considered from two interrelated points of view: the influence of the helminth infection on the host's physiology and nutrition and the effect of host nutrition on the helminth populations, i.e. their establishment, persistence and reproductive capacity. The first point of view has been the subject of numerous investigations over the past decade. It was estimated that common features of infection with intestinal helminths are: a reduction in voluntary feed intake, reduction of the digestibility's of dry and organic matter, a decrease in efficiency of feed utilization, significantly higher nitrogen output, and a rise in plasma urea concentration. It was described that only a limited amount of studies have examined the effects of nutrition on the parasite response in the parasite infected host, and even fewer have considered the events occurring at the intestinal level, where absorption of nutrients occurs, intestinal parasites reside, and the gastrointestinal associated tissues play role in directing both the local and the more systemic responses. In this review the reference is made to the important literature related to the effect of different nutrients, e. g. carbohydrate, protein, fat, non-organic constituens and malnutrition on the helminth populations in host. It appeared that gastrointestinal helminths have very specific physico-chemical requirements of their host gut environment, and nutritionally mediated changes have a direct influence on the parasite population. Furthermore, the mechanisms by which different nutrients influence helminth infection are addressed.


Related Articles

  • POPULATION DISTRIBUTION AND ZOONOTIC POTENTIAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL HELMINTHS OF WILD RATS RATTUS RATTUS AND R. NOR VEGICUS FROM JAMAICA. Waugh, Cecelia A.; Lindo, John F.; Foronda, Pilar; Angeles-Santana, Maria; Lorenzo-Morales, Jacob; Robinson, Ralph D. // Journal of Parasitology;Oct2006, Vol. 92 Issue 5, p1014 

    The article describes the population distribution and zoonotic potential of gastrointestinal helminths in a naturally infected population of wild rats in Jamaica. 130 of the 437 rats captured were infected. Nine species of gastrointestinal helminths were recovered. The single risk factor...

  • An overview on video forensics. Milani, Simone; Fontani, Marco; Bestagini, Paolo; Barni, Mauro; Piva, Alessandro; Tagliasacchi, Marco; Tubaro, Stefano // APSIPA Transactions on Signal & Information Processing;Dec2012, Vol. 1, p00 

    The broad availability of tools for the acquisition and processing of multimedia signals has recently led to the concern that images and videos cannot be considered a trustworthy evidence, since they can be altered rather easily. This possibility raises the need to verify whether a multimedia...

  • WAR OF THE WORMS. Lello, Joanne // Australasian Science;Mar2005, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p38 

    Reveals the significance of the interaction between parasitic species in the intestine to the effectiveness of vaccines. Types of helminths affecting humans and animals; Interaction of parasitic worms in the stomach; Consequences for pathogen control.

  • EVERYTHING YOU NEVER KNEW YOU WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT FAT. Ardell, Donald B. // Electronic Ardell Wellness Report (E-AWR);9/10/2004, Issue 248, p1 

    The article provides information about obesity. For instance, the average size person (5 feet four, 154 pounds for women; 5: 10 and 180 for men) has 40 billion fat cells. The obesity rate is twice what it was three decades ago, in good part because adult women consume 335 more calories daily...

  • New data on gastrointestinal helminths in shags (Phalacrocorax verrucosus) at Kerguelen Archipelago. Fonteneau, Frédéric; Cook, Timothée R. // Polar Biology;Dec2013, Vol. 36 Issue 12, p1839 

    To date, the knowledge of the helminth communities of Antarctic birds is scarce or fragmented. Knowledge about diseases and parasites is crucial for understanding and managing ecosystems, particularly in isolated areas where host species are more sensitive to new diseases or parasite infections....

  • Linear distribution of nematodes in the gastrointestinal tract of tracer lambs. Kateřina Makovcová; Iva Langrová; Jaroslav Vadlejch; Ivana Jankovská; Andriy Lytvynets; Marie Borkovcová // Parasitology Research;Dec2008, Vol. 104 Issue 1, p123 

    Abstract  Forty-eight tracer lambs were killed in 2004–2007. The abomasum, duodenum, small intestine (jejunum and ileum), colon and caecum were collected and processed for parasites enumeration and identification—mucosal scrapings of both abomasums and intestines were...

  • Intestinal Parasitic Infections in HIV Infected and Non-Infected Patients in a Low HIV Prevalence Region, West-Cameroon. Nkenfou, Céline Nguefeu; Nana, Christelle Tafou; Payne, Vincent Khan // PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1 

    The magnitude of intestinal parasitic infection in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients requires careful consideration in the developing world where poor nutrition is associated with poor hygiene and several tropical diseases. However, there have been very few studies addressing this...

  • Prevalence of intestinal parasites versus knowledge, attitudes, and practices of inhabitants of low-income communities of Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Moraes Neto, Antonio; Pereira, Adriana; Alencar, Maria de Fátima; Souza-Júnior, Paulo; Dias, Rodrigo; Fonseca, Juliana; Santos, Clóvis; Almeida, João // Parasitology Research;Jul2010, Vol. 107 Issue 2, p295 

    Intestinal parasites are the causative agents of common infections responsible for significant public health problems in developing countries and generally linked to lack of sanitation, safe water, and improper hygiene. More than two billion people throughout the world live with unrelenting...

  • Assessing the burden of intestinal parasites affecting newly arrived immigrants in Qatar. Abu-Madi, Marawan A.; Behnke, Jerzy M.; Ismail, Ahmed; Boughattas, Sonia // Parasites & Vectors;12/1/2016, Vol. 9, p1 

    Background: In the last decades, the enormous influx of immigrants to industrialized countries has led to outbreaks of parasitic diseases, with enteric infections being amongst the most frequently encountered. In its strategy to control such infection, Qatar has established the Pre-Employment...

  • HELMINTH COMMUNITY STRUCTURE IN BIRDS OF PREY (ACCIPITRIFORMES AND FALCONIFORMES) IN SOUTHERN ITALY. Santoro, Mario; Kinsella, John M.; Galiero, Giorgio; Uberti, Barbara degli; Aznar, Francisco Javier // Journal of Parasitology;Feb2012, Vol. 98 Issue 1, p22 

    We compared helminth communities in 6 species of birds of prey from the Calabria region of southern Italy. In total, 31 helminth taxa, including 17 nematodes, 9 digeneans, 3 acanthocephalans, and 2 cestodes, were found. All helminth species were observed in the gastrointestinal tract, except for...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics