Poliomyelitis surveillance in Shandong Province, China, 1990-92

Chiba, Yasuo; Aiqiang Xu; Li Li; Jie Lei; Takezaki, Toshiro; Hagiwara, Akio; Yoneyama, Tetsuo; Fujiwara, Takashi; Hara, Minoru; Yamamoto, Teiji
June 1994
Bulletin of the World Health Organization;1994, Vol. 72 Issue 6, p915
Academic Journal
In Shandong Province, China, programmes were initiated in 1991 for mass immunization against poliomyelitis and for the immediate reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The incidence of non-poliomyelitis AFP was found to be 0.46-0.61 cases per 100 000 children per annum. It appeared that illness resembling the Guillain-Barré syndrome was underreported. The incidence of such illness peaked among children aged 2-3 years. Although laboratory investigations have improved, in 1992 they were still inadequate in nearly a third of confirmed poliomyelitis cases. As the prevalence of wild poliovirus declines in China, reliable laboratory support needs to be established and adequately sensitive and specific AFP surveillance be developed if poliomyelitis is to be eradicated.


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