Synthesis and spectroscopy of CdS nanoparticles in amphiphilic diblock copolymer micelles

Mandal, Debabrata; Chatterjee, Uma
April 2007
Journal of Chemical Physics;4/7/2007, Vol. 126 Issue 13, p134507
Academic Journal
Amphiphilic diblock copolymers with the same hydrophilic but different hydrophobic blocks were used as stabilizing agents to prepare cadmium sulfide nanoparticles in aqueous solutions containing 5% of different nonaqueous solvents: methanol, THF, and acetone. Nearly spherical nanoparticles with a fair degree of monodispersity and quantum yields of 1.5%–2% were obtained. Optical absorption band edge of the CdS nanoparticles shows a >0.5 eV blueshift compared to that of bulk CdS, indicating a high degree of quantum confinement. The absorption spectra, while insensitive to the nature of the hydrophobic blocks, exhibited a clear dependence on the nature of the minor, nonaqueous solvents. The photoluminescence in all cases was broad and redshifted, indicating a predominance of surface trap-state emission. Time-resolved photoluminescence demonstrates that the trap states are populated within the first 500 fs, followed by decay with a broad range of time constants from 0.1 to >10 ns, low energy traps decaying at a slower rate than high-energy ones. Time-resolved photoluminescence anisotropy revealed that the nanoparticles experience a local microviscosity very similar to that of bulk water. The experimental observations suggest that nanoparticle formation takes place predominantly in the hydrophilic corona region of the micelles, around specific points with high local concentration of the Cd+2-coordinating basic amine groups of hydrophilic block and/or the minor, nonaqueous solvent component.


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