TITLE

Couplings between electronic transitions in a subsystem formulation of time-dependent density functional theory

AUTHOR(S)
Neugebauer, Johannes
PUB. DATE
April 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;4/7/2007, Vol. 126 Issue 13, p134116
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A subsystem formulation of time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) within the frozen-density embedding (FDE) framework and its practical implementation are presented, based on the formal TDDFT generalization of the FDE approach by Casida and Wesolowski [Int. J. Quantum Chem. 96, 577 (2004)]. It is shown how couplings between electronic transitions on different subsystems can be seamlessly incorporated into the formalism to overcome some of the shortcomings of the approximate TDDFT-FDE approach in use so far, which was only applicable for local subsystem excitations. In contrast to that, the approach presented here allows to include couplings between excitations on different subsystems, which become very important in aggregates composed of several similar chromophores, e.g., in biological or biomimetic light-harvesting systems. A connection to Förster- and Dexter-type excitation energy coupling expressions is established. A hybrid approach is presented and tested, in which excitation energy couplings are selectively included between different chromophore fragments, but neglected for inactive parts of the environment. It is furthermore demonstrated that the coupled TDDFT-FDE approach can cure the inability of the uncoupled FDE approach to describe induced circular dichroism in dimeric chromophores, a feature known as a “couplet,” which is also related to couplings between (nearly) degenerate electronic transitions.
ACCESSION #
24660210

 

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