TITLE

Mind Over Matter: Mental Training Increases Physical Strength

AUTHOR(S)
Shackell, Erin M.; Standing, Lionel G.
PUB. DATE
April 2007
SOURCE
North American Journal of Psychology;2007, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p189
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study tested whether mental training alone can produce a gain in muscular strength. Thirty male university athletes, including football, basketball and rugby players, were randomly assigned to perform mental training of their hip flexor muscles, to use weight machines to physically exercise their hip flexors, or to form a control group which received neither mental nor physical training. The hip strength of each group was measured before and after training. Physical strength was increased by 24% through mental practice (p = .008). Strength was also increased through physical training, by 28%, but did not change significantly in the control condition. The strength gain was greatest among the football players given mental training. Mental and physical training produced similar decreases in heart rate, and both yielded a marginal reduction in systolic blood pressure. The results support the related findings of Ranganathan, Siemionow, Liu, Sahgal, and Yue (2004).
ACCESSION #
24646195

 

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