Laboratory arrangement for soft x-ray zone plate efficiency measurements

Bertilson, Michael C.; Takman, Per A. C.; Holmberg, Anders; Vogt, Ulrich; Hertz, Hans M.
February 2007
Review of Scientific Instruments;Feb2007, Vol. 78 Issue 2, p023106
Academic Journal
We demonstrate a laboratory-scale arrangement for rapid and accurate measurements of the absolute and local efficiency of soft x-ray micro zone plates in the water window. This in-house instrument is based on a single-line λ=2.88 nm liquid-jet laser-plasma source. Measurements are performed by a simultaneous comparison of first diffraction-order photon flux with the flux in a calibrated reference signal. This arrangement eliminates existing source emission fluctuations. The performance of the method is demonstrated by the result from measurements of two ∼55 μm diameter nickel micro zone plates, showing a groove efficiency of 12.9%±1.1% and 11.7%±1.0%. Furthermore, we show that spatially resolved efficiency mapping is an effective tool for a detailed characterization of local zone plate properties. Thus, this laboratory-scale instrument allows rapid feedback to the fabrication process which is important for future improvements.


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