Management Issues Regarding Hepatic Adenomatosis

Yoshidome, Hiroyuki; McMasters, Kelly M.
November 1999
American Surgeon;Nov1999, Vol. 65 Issue 11, p1070
Academic Journal
Hepatic adenomatosis is a rare disease defined by multiple hepatic adenomas. There is controversy with regard to the optimal treatment for this disease because the potential for intraperitoneal hemorrhage or malignant transformation of the tumors is difficult to estimate. Furthermore, the technical difficulties of complete resection of all adenomas present unique operative challenges. We report experience with two patients and reviewed all reported cases from 1977. We define hepatic adenomatosis as five or more hepatic adenomas not associated with a medical history of glycogen storage disease, anabolic steroid use, or oral contraceptive use. The incidence of hepatic adenomatosis was preponderate among women [20 of 32 patients (63%)]. Thirteen of 32 patients (41%) had intratumoral bleeding, including four patients with intraperitoneal hemorrhage. Ten of 13 patients (77%) with intratumoral bleeding complained of abdominal pain; overall, 19 of 32 patients (59%) had abdominal pain. Twelve patients underwent hepatic resection, 6 patients underwent liver transplantation with no reported mortality, and 14 patients had no surgical treatment. Hepatocellular carcinoma was histologically confirmed in 2 of 32 patients (6%). Larger symptomatic adenomas exposed to liver surface have a bleeding propensity and should be surgically resected. Routine biopsy of other small nodules suspected as adenomas is recommended for definitive diagnosis.


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