Using Time-Out Effectively in the Classroom

Ryan, Joseph B.; Sanders, Sharon; Katsiyannis, Antonis; Yell, Mitchell L.
March 2007
Teaching Exceptional Children;Mar/Apr2007, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p60
Academic Journal
The article discusses the effective use of "time-outs" as a behavior management strategy with U.S. special education students. The authors explain the behavioral principles that make the procedure effective in reducing problem behaviors and caution against continued use when the strategy is not effective in altering inappropriate behavior. They also caution that inappropriate use of time-outs has led to legal problems in the past, and students' rights must be kept in mind at all times but especially in the area of behavior modification. A variety of time-out methods are defined, and their efficacy and the common practices leading to their ineffective use are described.


Related Articles

  • Too much timeout. Lang, Laura // Teacher Magazine;May/June97, Vol. 8 Issue 8, p6 

    Reports on the disturbances caused by the news of the confinement of an elementary student in a cardboard box in a school in Thomaston, Georgia. Abuse of disciplinary tool, `Timeout'; Isolation of disruptive students; Suggestion for disciplinary approaches; Changes in disciplinary policies.

  • The effects of a dependent group evaluation system. Salend, Spencer J.; Reeder, Elizabeth // Education & Treatment of Children (ETC);Feb92, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p32 

    Examines the efficacy of a dependent group evaluation system in a class of students with disabilities using a reversal design. Evidence of the method's effectiveness in decreasing the group's inappropriate verbalizations; Group members' reactions to the system.

  • A modified time-out procedure for children with noncompliant or defiant behaviors. Erford, Bradley T. // Professional School Counseling;Feb99, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p205 

    Examines the effectiveness of a standardized time-out (TO) procedure modified to incorporate the contingent delay, for modifying children's noncompliant or defiant behaviors. Command sequences; Key elements of contingent delay modification; Efficacy of the modified procedure.

  • Multifaceted uses of a simple timeout record in the treatment of a noncompliant 8-year-old boy. Reitman, David; Drabman, Ronald S. // Education & Treatment of Children (ETC);May99, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p136 

    Presents a case illustrating how ongoing data-based monitoring of timeout use by parents enhanced the treatment of an eight-year-old boy, referred due to noncompliance in the home. Use of data to monitor therapy progress as a hallmark of behavior analytic treatment research; Selection of...

  • School-Wide Behavior Support: An Emerging Initiative. Horner, Robert H.; Sugai, George // Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions;Fall2000, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p231 

    Provides comments from administrators, teachers, parents, students, and specialists who are participating in efforts to establish school-wide behavior support. Key themes in the school-wide behavior support programs; Description of how school-wide behavior support was applied in the schools;...

  • Durable Implementation of School-Wide Behavior Support: The High Five Program. Taylor-Greene, Susan J.; Kartub, Douglas T. // Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions;Fall2000, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p233 

    Features the High Five Program, which incorporates strategies associated with positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS). Implementation of the program at Fern Ridge Middle School; Reduction in office discipline referrals; Positive outcomes associated with the implementation of the...

  • Effective Behavior Support in British Columbia. Chapman, Don; Hofweber, Cheryl // Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions;Fall2000, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p235 

    Reports on the responsiveness of the Effective Behavior Support initiative in British Columbia to the need in schools to improve school climate and discipline. Presentation of regional workshops in the province and summer institute; Success of the regional workshops and summer institute;...

  • Effective Behavior Support Implementation at the District Level: Tigard-Tualatin School District. Sadler, Carol // Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions;Fall2000, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p241 

    Reports on the adoption of an Effective Behavior Support (EBS) district-wide program in the Tigard-Tualatin schools to improve school climate and prevent school violence. Need to move away from models that endorsed punishment and exclusion toward those that emphasized teaching and recognizing...

  • Data-Based Decision Making in Hawaii's Behavior Support Effort. Nakasato, Jean // Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions;Fall2000, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p247 

    Summarizes the importance of data-based decision making for the Hawaii Effective Behavior Support (HEBS) effort. Need for effective behavior support in Hawaii; Practical feedback loops from the implementation of HEBS; School examples which illustrate that the continuous data-based improvement...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics