Relationship between Personality Characteristics and Affect: Gender and Affective Personality

Karlsson, Erica; Archer, Trevor
March 2007
Individual Differences Research;Mar2007, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p44
Academic Journal
The relationship between personality characteristics, stress and energy, subjective stress, coping behavior and affect was studied in 186 male and female individuals. The Positive and Negative affect scales (PANAS) were used to derive four types of Affective personality: ‘Self-fulfilling’, ‘Low affective’, ‘High affective’ and ‘Self-destructive’. The results indicated gender effects by which female participants expressed a higher level of Responsibility and Vigor, but more psychological stress and greater emotional coping than male participants who expressed a higher level of physical coping than the female participants. Affective personality type was associated with marked effects upon aspects of Gordon's GP:A personality characteristics, the coping resources inventory, stress and energy (SE), psychological and somatic stress. Regression analysis indicated that positive affective could be predicted from the Ascendancy characteristic of Gordon's GP:A and from a high level of energy whereas Cautiousness and a high stress level were counter-predictive for positive affect. On the other hand, negative affect could be predicted from high levels of stress (SE) and psychological stress (SSE) whereas Emotional stability was counter-predictive for negative affect. It appears that type of Affective personality offers utility in the study of factors modulating individuals' daily functioning and their eventual repertoire of coping resources.


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