TITLE

Relationship between Personality Characteristics and Affect: Gender and Affective Personality

AUTHOR(S)
Karlsson, Erica; Archer, Trevor
PUB. DATE
March 2007
SOURCE
Individual Differences Research;Mar2007, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p44
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The relationship between personality characteristics, stress and energy, subjective stress, coping behavior and affect was studied in 186 male and female individuals. The Positive and Negative affect scales (PANAS) were used to derive four types of Affective personality: ‘Self-fulfilling’, ‘Low affective’, ‘High affective’ and ‘Self-destructive’. The results indicated gender effects by which female participants expressed a higher level of Responsibility and Vigor, but more psychological stress and greater emotional coping than male participants who expressed a higher level of physical coping than the female participants. Affective personality type was associated with marked effects upon aspects of Gordon's GP:A personality characteristics, the coping resources inventory, stress and energy (SE), psychological and somatic stress. Regression analysis indicated that positive affective could be predicted from the Ascendancy characteristic of Gordon's GP:A and from a high level of energy whereas Cautiousness and a high stress level were counter-predictive for positive affect. On the other hand, negative affect could be predicted from high levels of stress (SE) and psychological stress (SSE) whereas Emotional stability was counter-predictive for negative affect. It appears that type of Affective personality offers utility in the study of factors modulating individuals' daily functioning and their eventual repertoire of coping resources.
ACCESSION #
24474076

 

Related Articles

  • Cognitive vulnerability-stress model of depression during adolescence: investigating depressive symptom specificity in a multi-wave prospective study. Hankin, Benjamin; Hankin, Benjamin L // Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology;Oct2008, Vol. 36 Issue 7, p999 

    Depression commonly co-occurs with anxiety and externalizing problems. Etiological factors from a central cognitive theory of depression, the Hopelessness Theory (Abramson et al. Psychological Review, 96, 358-372, 1989), were examined to evaluate whether a negative inferential style about cause,...

  • Stres ile Ä°liÅŸkili Duygudurum Bozukluklarında BTNF Ölçümleri: Klinik Çalışmaların Gæzden Geçirilmesi. Aydemır, Ömer; Devecı, Artuner // Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi;2009, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p385 

    Objective: The study of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in mood disorders and other psychiatric disorders is increasing. Of particular interest is whether or not BDNF can be a marker for psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to review the published findings on BDNF in...

  • Moodiness: a heavenly problem? Observations on the pathology of moodiness. Pollitt, John // Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine;Jan1982, Vol. 75 Issue 1, p7 

    The article focuses on the observations on the pathology of moodiness. Moodiness is rapid variation in this threshold and loss of the homeostatic mechanism which, in most people, holds mood at a steady position characteristic for that individual. The factors usually apparent to those affected...

  • Validity study of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale among a group of Saudi patients. El-Rufaie, O.E.F.A.; Absood, Gamil; el-Rufaie, O E; Absood, G // British Journal of Psychiatry;Nov87, Vol. 151, p687 

    The Arabic version of the HAD scale was validated in a sample of 50 Saudi patients. The scale scores were assessed against the principal author's clinical evaluations. Spearman correlations of all items of the scale, except for one, were statistically significant. The non-significance of one...

  • Functional health status, chronic medical conditions and disorders of mood. Surtees, Paul G.; Wainwright, Nicholas W. J.; Kay-Tee Khaw; Day, Nicholas E.; Khaw, Kay-Tee // British Journal of Psychiatry;Oct2003, Vol. 183, p299 

    Background: Understanding of the impact of depressive and anxiety disorders on functional health status in the context of chronic medical illness has been gained almost exclusively from the study of patient populations.Aims: To compare the impact of major depressive and...

  • The Prevalence of Depression in Older U.S. Women: 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. McGuire, Lisa C.; Strine, Tara W.; Vachirasudlekha, Stephanie; Mokdad, Ali H.; Anderson, Lynda A. // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);May2008, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p501 

    Depression, a type of mood disorder, is associated with psychological distress and suffering, and it can lead to impairments in physical, mental, and social functioning. The goal of this commentary is to provide an estimate of the prevalence of current depression and lifetime diagnosis for...

  • The prognosis of affective disorders: the differentiation of anxiety states from depressive illnesses. Schapira, Kurt; Roth, Martin; Kerr, T. A.; Gurney, Clair; Schapira, K; Roth, M; Gurney, C // British Journal of Psychiatry;Aug72, Vol. 121 Issue 561, p175 

    The article presents a comparison between patients with anxiety states and those with depressive illnesses in relation to the independent criterion of prognosis. The study was conducted to the 154 patients with affective disorders admitted to the psychiatric hospitals in Newcastle, England. The...

  • RELATIONS OF LOW FRUSTRATION TOLERANCE BELIEFS WITH STRESS, DEPRESSION, AND ANXIETY IN YOUNG ADOLESCENTS. Mahon, Noreen E.; Yarcheski, Adela; Yarcheski, Thomas J.; Hanks, Michele M. // Psychological Reports;Feb2007, Vol. 100 Issue 1, p98 

    Young adolescents (N= 144; 66 boys, 78 girls), ages 12 to 14 years (M= 12.2, SD= .8), who reported lower scores on the Low Frustration Tolerance Beliefs Instrument had higher scores on the Perceived Stress Scale and the Profile of Mood States Subscales of Depression and Anxiety.

  • Incidence and Course of Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts in the General Population. ten Have, Margreet; de Graaf, Ron; van Dorsselaer, Saskia; Verdurmen, Jacqueline; van 't Land, Hedda; Vollebergh, Wilma; Beekman, Aartjan // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry;Dec2009, Vol. 54 Issue 12, p824 

    Objective: Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are important indicators of extreme emotional distress. However, little is known about predictors of onset and course of suicidality in the general population. Our study tried to fill this gap by analyzing data from a prospectively followed...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics