TITLE

Study of onychomycosis: prevailing fungi and pattern of infection

AUTHOR(S)
Veer, P.; Patwardhan, N. S.; Damle, A. S.
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Jan2007, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p53
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
A mycological study of onychomycosis was undertaken in 88 patients. The nails were judged to be infected by their clinical appearance. Direct microscopy of the nail clips in 20% KOH solution was positive in 72 (81.8%) and culture was positive in 43 (48.8%) cases. Out of the samples cultured, dermatophytes were grown in 26 cases (29.5%), non dermatophyte moulds in 12 (13.6%) and Candida spp. in 5 (5.6%) while 45 (51.1%) samples yielded no growth. Amongst dermatophytes, T. rubrum was found to be commonest etiological agent (57.6%) followed by T. mentagrophyte. Amongst the non-dermatophyte mould (NDM), Aspergillus spp. was the most prevalent species followed by Alternaria spp, Curvularia spp. and Fusarium spp. Commonest age group affected was above 31 years. Males were predominantly affected (65%), male to female ratio being 1.8:1. Fingernails were affected more frequently than toe nails with the ratio of 3:1. Distal and lateral subungual onychomycosis (DLSO) was more common (50%) than other clinical pattern followed by proximal subungual onychomycosis (PSO) (20.4%), white superficial onychomycosis (SWO) (2%), total dystrophic onychomysosis (TDO) (14%) and paronychia (10.2%).
ACCESSION #
24450373

 

Related Articles

  • Nondermatophytic infections need diligence. Groves, Nancy // Dermatology Times;Apr2002 Supplement 2, Vol. 23 Issue 4, pS15 

    Examines the misdiagnosed of nail infections caused by nondermatophytic fungi. Criteria on establishment of nondermatophytic onychomycosis; Role of dermatophyte molds in infections; Options of treatment on onychomycosis.

  • Diagnosing onychomycosis can be tricky. Meszaros, Lis // Dermatology Times;Mar1995, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p38 

    Discusses the diagnosis of onychomycosis, a nail disease. Steps; Dermatophytes; Attribution of infections to three groups of fungi; Diagnosing fungal infections; Pathogens and infection link.

  • Nall Infection Treatment Holds Promise.  // MMR;9/15/2014, Vol. 31 Issue 15, p17 

    The article reports on the successful study of formulation to treat the onychomycosis fungal infections of the nail.

  • Essential Oils for Treatment for Onychomycosis: A Mini-Review. Flores, Fernanda; Beck, Ruy; da Silva, Cristiane de // Mycopathologia;Feb2016, Vol. 181 Issue 1/2, p9 

    Onychomycosis are fungal infections affecting finger and toenails mainly caused by dermatophyte fungi and some Candida species. Low cure rates and frequent recurrence, development of a fungal resistance front to various antimicrobial agents topical and systemic, and an ineffective topical...

  • ONICOMICOSE E PSORÍASE UNGUEAL. Moura Guedes Da Costa Silva, Pedro Miguel; Cardoso da Cunha Velho, Glória Maria // Revista da Sociedade Portuguesa de Dermatologia e Venereologia;abr-jun2015, Vol. 73 Issue 2, p211 

    Psoriasis is a chronic disease, immune-mediated, affecting approximately 2% of the population. It results from a polygenic predisposition in combination with environmental factors, eg trauma, infection, or drugs. All forms of psoriasis may have nail involvement (40-45%), but sometimes this can...

  • ONYCHOMYCOSIS - A CLINICAL AND MYCOLOGICAL STUDY OF 75 CASES. Kaur, Tejinder; Puri, Neerja // Our Dermatology Online / Nasza Dermatologia Online;Jul2012, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p172 

    Onychomycosis or fungal infection of the nails is a common disease, especially in older persons. A mycological study of onchomycosis was undertaken in 75 patients. The nails were judged to be infected by their clinical appearance. There were a total of 75 suspected cases of onychomycosis. Of...

  • Onychomycosis in Iran: Epidemiology, Causative Agents and Clinical Features. Aghamirian, Mohammad Reza; Ghiasian, Seyed Amir // Internet Journal of Dermatology;2010, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p2 

    This study was undertaken to document the clinico-mycological pattern of onychomycosis in Iran. Both the direct microscopy and the cultures of the nail material were performed over a 4-year period to identify the causative agents. The microscopic and/or cultural detection of fungi...

  • Onychomycosis in patients with underlying diseases referred to Razi Hospital in Tehran in 2010-11. Mehraban Falahati; Zeinab Ghasemi; Shirin Farehyar; Ebrahim Eskandari; Mahtab Ashrafi; Farzaneh Ahmadi; Gholamhossein Ghaffarpour // Dermatology & Cosmetic;Jun2012, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p67 

    Background and Aim: Onychomycosis is the fungal infection of nails. Patient's immune system has an important role in initiation of onychomycosis. One of the causes of the increased prevalence of onychomycosis is the increasing number of patients with local or general immune system disorders. In...

  • Onychomycosis: A clinicomycological study from western Uttar Pradesh, India. Jaiswal, Amit; Sharma, R. P.; Gupta, Kamna // Indian Journal of Medical Specialities;Jan-Mar2015, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p8 

    The article presents a clinicomycological study on Onychomycosis, a fungal infection of the nail conducted in Uttar Pradesh, India and discusses Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Candida albicans as isolated pathogen causing onychomycosis.

  • Onychomycosis - Sampling, Diagnosing as Efficiant Part of Hospital Pharmacology. Ignjatović, Vesna A.; Stevanović, Milica T.; Djurdjević, Vera S.; Stanucević, Milica P.; Džamić, Aleksandar M.; Čalovski, Ivana V. Čolović; Petrović, Mirjana M. // Hospital Pharmacology: International Multidisciplinary Journal;2014, Vol. 1 Issue 3, p130 

    Introduction Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of one or more nails. Causes of onychomycosis are dermatophytes, yeasts and non-dermatophyte molds, but the most common cause is Trichophytonrubrum (T. rubrum) from the group of dermatophyte fungi.. The aims Using sampling determination of the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics