TEFSİR GELENEĞİNDE ZEBİH KISSASI: "Taberî'den İbn Kesir'e Klasik Tefsir Kaynaklarına Dair Bir Oryantalist İddianın Değerlendirilmesi"

Gökkir, Bilal
June 2006
Ekev Academic Review;Summer2006, Vol. 10 Issue 28, p163
Academic Journal
The issue of dhabih takes place in the Bible Genesis: 22.1-2 and in the Qur'an Saffat 37:99-113. Although the Bible is quite clear about the identity of dhabih, in Islamic sources it is disputable which son was dbabih: Ismail or Ishaq. The traditional Muslim view supports the idea that Ismail was Ibrahim's dhabih son. However not all classical muslim sources are supportive of this theory. Tabari, Qurtubi and some other later sources insists on the theory that Ishaq was the dhabih son of Ibrahim. Ibn Kathir (774/1372) in his Tefsirü'l-Kur'ani'l- Azim on the other hand accused the followers of this view, of following the Israiliyyat and claims that Ismail was the dhabih. When comes to elaborate the idea and evidences, he not only uses the Qur'an and Hadith but also refers the Biblical version of the story in Genesis of Old Testament. There are significant points in Ibn Kathir's discussion. Ibn Kathir refers to the Bible directly and applied his own literary critique to the relevant Biblical passages. However he discusses the Biblical phrases in their Arabic form not Hebrew, Syriac or Aramaic. Âlûsî is also referred in this article as he shows a parallel approach to Ibn Kathir's.


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