The Role of Selected Lexical Factors on Confrontation Naming Accuracy, Speed, and Fluency in Adults Who Do and Do Not Stutter

Newman, Rochelle S.; Ratner, Nan Bernstein
February 2007
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2007, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p196
Academic Journal
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether lexical access in adults who stutter (AWS) differs from that in people who do not stutter. Specifically, the authors examined the role of 3 lexical factors on naming speed, accuracy, and fluency: word frequency, neighborhood density, and neighborhood frequency. If stuttering results from an impairment in lexical access, these factors were hypothesized to differentially affect AWS performance on a confrontation naming task. Method: Twenty-five AWS and 25 normally fluent comparison speakers, matched for age and education, participated in a confrontation naming task designed to explore within-speaker performance on naming accuracy, speed, and fluency based on stimulus word frequency and neighborhood characteristics. Accuracy, fluency, and reaction time (from acoustic waveform analysis) were computed. Results: In general, AWS demonstrated the same effects of lexical factors on their naming as did adults who do not stutter. However, accuracy of naming was reduced for AWS. Stuttering rate was influenced by word frequency but not other factors. Conclusions: Results suggest that AWS could have a fundamental deficit in lexical retrieval, but this deficit is unlikely to be at the level of the word's abstract phonological representation. Implications for further research are discussed.


Related Articles

  • What lexical decision and naming tell us about reading. Katz, Leonard; Brancazio, Larry; Irwin, Julia; Katz, Stephen; Magnuson, James; Whalen, D. // Reading & Writing;Jul2012, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p1259 

    The lexical decision (LD) and naming (NAM) tasks are ubiquitous paradigms that employ printed word identification. They are major tools for investigating how factors like morphology, semantic information, lexical neighborhood and others affect identification. Although use of the tasks is...

  • Fluency: A Key Link Between Word Identification and Comprehension. Bashir, Anthony S.; Hook, Pamela E. // Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools;Apr2009, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p196 

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to respond to A. G. Kamhi's (2007) challenge to consider two points of view on reading--the broad and the narrow. Each point of view includes a component of the reading process; namely, comprehension and word recognition. Taken separately, each point of...

  • Perceptions of Simulated Stuttering and Fluency. Susca, Michael; Healey, E. Charles // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2001, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p61 

    Presents information on a study which explored the multiple effects of listener perceptions of different levels of simulated stuttering and fluency. Methodology of the study; Results and discussion on the study.

  • Preponderance of Lead Voice Onset Times in Stutterers Under Varying Constraints. Viswanath, Nagalapura S.; Rosenfield, David B. // Communication Disorders Quarterly;Fall2000, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p49 

    Differences between stutterers and nonstutterers in temporal organization of fluent speech may offer clues to the elemental basis of fully elaborated, perceptible stuttering events. Guided by this hypothesis, we investigated voice onset time—the interval been voice onset and upper...

  • THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTEXT IN REPEATED READING. Therrien, William J.; Kubina Jr., Richard M. // Reading Improvement;Winter2007, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p179 

    The article presents a study that is aimed at determining the significance of practice with connected text in repeated reading for fluency improvement. According to the article, the analysis points out that reading words in context improves reading speed and word recognition rather than reading...

  • Explorations of fluent readers. Rasinski, Timothy; Lenhart, Lisa // Reading Today;Dec2007/Jan2008, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p18 

    The authors stress the importance of recognizing reading fluency as a vital component for success in learning to read. They cite that in many classrooms around the U.S., instructional programs tend to focus on developing students' reading rate. They argue that authentic fluency instruction...

  • Constancy of Interstress Intervals in the Fluent Speech of People Who Stutter During Adaptation Trials. Prins, David; Hubbard, Carol P. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Aug92, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p799 

    Presents a study on the constancy of interstress intervals in the fluent speech of people who stutter during adaptation trials. Discussion on the adaptation of stuttering; Method; Results and discussion.

  • International Stuttering Awareness Day 2001 Online Conference. Maginnis Kuster, Judith // ASHA Leader;9/25/2001, Vol. 6 Issue 17, p16 

    Highlights the International Stuttering Awareness Day 2001 Online Conference for people with stuttering speech disorder organized by the International Fluency Association. Organizations that support the event; Countries participating in the conference; Feedback about the conferences. INSET:...

  • Lexical Influences on Spoken Spondaic Word Recognition in Hearing-Impaired Patients. Moulin, Annie; Richard, Céline; Anderson, Samira; Lagacé, Josée // Frontiers in Neuroscience;Dec2015, p1 

    Top-down contextual influences play a major part in speech understanding, especially in hearing-impaired patients with deteriorated auditory input. Those influences are most obvious in difficult listening situations, such as listening to sentences in noise but can also be observed at the word...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics