Chest Wall Motion During Speech Production in Patients With Advanced Ankylosing Spondylitis

Kalliakosta, Georgia; Mandros, Charalampos; Tzelepis, George E.
February 2007
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2007, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p109
Academic Journal
Purpose: To test the hypothesis that ankylosing spondylitis (AS) alters the pattern of chest wall motion during speech production. Method: The pattern of chest wall motion during speech was measured with respiratory inductive plethysmography in 6 participants with advanced AS (5 men, 1 woman, age 45±8 years, Schober test 1.45±1.5 cm, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index [BASFI] score 6±1.7) and 6 healthy volunteers, matched for age and gender. Measurements were made with participants in the upright seated and upright standing body position. Results: During reading in the seated and standing body positions, the rib cage wall volume displacements were smaller and abdominal wall volume displacements were larger in participants with AS than in healthy controls. There were no differences in the overall lung volume displacements recorded during the expiratory limb of reading in either body position. In the participants with AS, the rib cage remained near the end-expiratory level in both the seated and standing body position, differing from that for the control group. Conclusion: In individuals with advanced AS, the abdomen is the primary contributor to volume displacement. In the absence of speech impairment in participants with AS, the data show the capacity of the abdomen to compensate for the decreased compliance of the rib cage.


Related Articles

  • Estimation of Alveolar Pressure During Speech Using Direct Measures of Tracheal Pressure. Finnegan, Eileen M.; Luschei, Erich S. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct1999, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p1136 

    Provides information on a study which obtained values for lower airway resistance during speech. Estimation of alveolar pressure; Quantification of the degree to which tracheal pressure approximates alveolar pressure during production of voiced and voiceless sounds and during inhalation.

  • Refinement of Speech Breathing in Healthy 4- to 6-Year-Old Children. Boliek, Carol A.; Hixon, Thomas J.; Watson, Peter J.; Jones, Patricia B. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2009, Vol. 52 Issue 4, p990 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to offer a better understanding of the development of neuromotor control for speech breathing and provide a normative data set that can serve as a useful standard for clinical evaluation and management of young children with speech disorders involving the...

  • Variations in the Relative Speeds of Orofacial Structures With Stuttering Severity. McClean, Michael D.; Runyan, Charles M. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2000, Vol. 43 Issue 6, p1524 

    Discusses a study which examined the variations in the relative speeds of orofacial structures with stuttering severity. Subjects; Stuttering severity ratings; Results.

  • Description of Phonetic, Acoustic, and Physiological Changes Associated With Improved... Roy, Nelson; Leeper, Herbert A.; Blomgren, Michael; Cameron, Rosalea M. // American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;Aug2001, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p274 

    Spastic dysarthria is a motor speech disorder produced by bilateral damage to the direct (pyramidal) and indirect (extrapyramidal) activation pathways of the central nervous system. This case report describes the recovery of an individual with severe spastic dysarthria and illustrates the close...

  • Costs and burden of ankylosing spondylitis in China.  // PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News;Oct2014, Vol. 713 Issue 1, p13 

    The article reports on a study published in the journal "Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology," which found that about 10% of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in China are without a job because of the disease, and their costs increase with disease activity.

  • Ankilozan Spondilit Hastasında Tek AkciÄŸer Ventilasyonu. Sazak, Hilal Günal; Taşdelen, Müge; Sıcakkan, Ayçin; Çetin, M. Cenk; Şavkılıoğlu, Eser // Journal of the Turkish Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care Society ;Sep2009, Vol. 37 Issue 5, p314 

    Ankylosing spondylitis is a progressive inflammatory disease characterized by stiffening of the joints. Stiffness of the cervical spine, atlantooccipital and temporomandibular joints might lead to difficult intubation. One-lung ventilation is the most important component of an anesthetic...

  • The Role of the Supraglottic Area in Voice Production. Stager, Sheila // Otolaryngology: Current Research;Special Issue2012, Vol. 2 Issue S, p1 

    The article presents information on the role of the supraglottic area in vocal or speech production. An important structure of this area which lie above the true vocal folds(TVF) and below the tongue base is the false vocal folds (FVF). Cadaveric studies which examined the influence of...

  • Speech Disorders in Right-Hemisphere Stroke. Dyukova, G.; Glozman, Zh. M.; Titova, E. Yu; Kriushev, E. S.; Gamaleya, A. A. // Neuroscience & Behavioral Physiology;Jul2010, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p593 

    Clinical practice shows that right-hemisphere cerebral strokes are often accompanied by one speech disorder or another. The aim of the present work was to analyze published data addressing speech disorders in right-sided strokes. Questions of the lateralization of speech functions are discussed,...

  • Bite Block Vowel Production in Apraxia of Speech. Jacks, Adam // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2008, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p898 

    Purpose: This study explored vowel production and adaptation to articulatory constraints in adults with acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) plus aphasia. Method: Five adults with acquired AOS plus aphasia and 5 healthy control participants produced the vowels [I], [e], and [ε] in four...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics