Technical Optimization of Four-Channel Multidetector-Row Helical Computed Tomography for Depicting Arterial Stenosis: A Phantom Study

Takahashi, S.; Takamura, M.; Yamamoto, S.; Kudo, M.; Narumi, Y.; Murakami, T.; Nakamura, H.
February 2007
Acta Radiologica;Feb2007, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p173
Academic Journal
Purpose: To determine the effects of detector configuration, as well as vessel orientation, on the depiction accuracy of arterial stenosis using four-channel multidetector-row helical computed tomography (MDCT) angiography in vitro. Material and Methods: Five acrylic vessel phantoms (3 mm in diameter with 25 or 50% stenosis, or 5 mm with 25, 50, or 75% stenosis) were scanned with a four-channel MDCT scanner at five vessel orientations (0, 30, 45, 60, and 90° to the z-axis) using 4×1.25, 2.5, 3.75, and 5.0-mm detector configurations at beam pitches of 0.75 and 1.5. The percentage of stenosis was calculated by the ratio of the full width at half maximum for stenotic and non-stenotic portions of the phantom, and compared to the actual known values. Results: A detector configuration of 4×1.25 mm provided good reproducibility, as well as high accuracy for assessing vessel stenosis, while a 4×2.5-mm or wider detector configuration caused underestimations of stenosis. Although the phantoms perpendicular to the z-axis were underestimated, the errors were kept in clinically acceptable ranges using the 4×1.25-mm detector configuration. Conclusion: Four-channel MDCT accurately discerns stenosis for vessel phantoms of 3 or 5 mm in diameter at any orientation when using a detector configuration of 4×1.25 mm.


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