Different working and living conditions and their associations with persistent neck/shoulder and/or low back disorders

Leijon, Ola; Lindberg, Per; Josephson, Maim; Wiktorin, Christina
February 2007
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Feb2007, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p115
Academic Journal
Objectives: To investigate whether different combinations of working and living conditions are associated with the risk for persistent neck/shoulder and/or low back disorders. The underlying purpose of this contextual approach was to identify target groups for primary/secondary prevention. Methods: In a baseline study, 11 groups with different working and living conditions were identified by cluster analysis. In this study, these 11 groups were followed up by a postal questionnaire 5 years after baseline (response rate 82%, n = 1095). Results: Five of the groups-the onerous human services job, the free agent, the family burden, the mentally stretched and the physically strained groups-had an increased risk for persistent disorders (OR 2.38-2.70). Four of these groups had rather sex-specific working and living conditions. Conclusions: The results support the hypothesis that different combinations of working and living conditions may increase the risk for persistent neck/shoulder and/or low back disorders to different degrees. Sex-specific working and living conditions increased the risk for women as well as for men, irrespective of whether the conditions were specific to women or men.


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