First-principles calculation on the conductance of a single 1,4-diisocyanatobenzene molecule with single-walled carbon nanotubes as the electrodes

Zekan Qian; Shimin Hou; Jing Ning; Rui Li; Ziyong Shen; Xingyu Zhao; Zengquan Xue
February 2007
Journal of Chemical Physics;2/28/2007, Vol. 126 Issue 8, p084705
Academic Journal
The conductance of a single 1,4-diisocyanatobenzene molecule sandwiched between two single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) electrodes are studied using a fully self-consistent ab initio approach which combines nonequilibrium Green’s function formalism with density functional theory calculations. Several metallic zigzag and armchair SWCNTs with different diameters are used as electrodes; dangling bonds at their open ends are terminated with hydrogen atoms. Within the energy range of a few eV of the Fermi energy, all the SWCNT electrodes couple strongly only with the frontier molecular orbitals that are related to nonlocal π bonds. Although the chirality of SWCNT electrodes has significant influences on this coupling and thus the molecular conductance, the diameter of electrodes, the distance, and the torsion angle between electrodes have only minor influences on the conductance, showing the advantage of using SWCNTs as the electrodes for molecular electronic devices.


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