TITLE

Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Resection of a Small Pulmonary Nodule after Computed Tomography—guided Localization with a Hook-wire System

AUTHOR(S)
Pittet, Olivier; Christodoulou, Michel; Pezzetta, Edgardo; Schmidt, Sabine; Schnyder, Pierre; Ris, Hans-Beat
PUB. DATE
March 2007
SOURCE
World Journal of Surgery;Mar2007, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p575
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study is a single-institution validation of video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) resection of a small solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) previously localized by a CT-guided hook-wire system in a consecutive series of 45 patients. The records of all patients undergoing VATS resection for SPN preoperatively localized by CT-guided a hook-wire system from January 2002 to December 2004 were assessed with respect to failure to localize the lesion by the hook-wire system, conversion thoracotomy rate, duration of operation, postoperative complications, and histology of SPN. Forty-five patients underwent 49 VATS resections, with simultaneous bilateral SPN resection performed in 4. Preoperative CT-guided hook-wire localization failed in two patients (4%). Conversion thoracotomy was necessary in two patients (4%) because it was not possible to resect the lesion by a VATS approach. The average operative time was 50 min. Postoperative complications occurred in 3 patients (6%), one hemothorax and two pneumonia. The mean hospital stay was 5 days (range: 2–18 days). Histological assessment revealed inflammatory disease in 17 patients (38%), metastasis in 17 (38%), non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in 4 (9%), lymphoma in 3 (6%), interstitial fibrosis in 2 (4%), histiocytoma in one (2%), and hamartoma in one (2%). Histological analysis of resected SPN revealed unexpected malignant disease in more than 50% of the patients indicating that histological clarification of SPN seems warranted. Video-assisted thoracoscopic resection of SPN previously localized by a CT-guided hook-wire system is related to a low conversion thoracotomy rate, a short operation time, and few postoperative complications, and it is well suited for the clarification of SPN.
ACCESSION #
24240884

 

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