Fasciotomy Closure Using Simultaneous Vacuum-Assisted Closure and Hyperbaric Oxygen

Weiland, Dennis E.
March 2007
American Surgeon;Mar2007, Vol. 73 Issue 3, p261
Academic Journal
Fasciotomies performed for compartment syndrome and ischemic vascular disease often requires closure in 2 to 4 weeks by skin graft. This leaves the patient with an unsightly scar and a limb with reduced strength. The use of vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) quickly reduce the edema and permit earlier closure with adjacent skin. A study of three trauma patients with compartment syndrome, fasciotomies, and the use of the VAC and HBOT to close the fasciotomy wounds with adjacent skin is presented. The pathophysiology of compartment syndrome and ischemia-reperfusion syndrome is discussed. These patients had closure of the fasciotomy wounds in 3 to 18 days. The simultaneous use of HBOT and VAC accelerates the reduction of edema in a synergistic fashion, permitting early closure of fasciotomy wounds.


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