TITLE

Behaviour of semipermeable membrane devices in neutral pesticide uptake from waters

AUTHOR(S)
Esteve-Turrillas, Francesc A.; Pastor, Agustín; De la Guardia, Miguel
PUB. DATE
March 2007
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Mar2007, Vol. 387 Issue 6, p2153
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The application of semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) has been evaluated as a passive sampler for the collection of multiresidue pesticides in continental waters. Seven chlorinated, five organophosphorus, six carbamate, nine pyrethroid and ten other pesticides were tested in order to estimate which compounds can be retained with these devices. The effect of water parameters, such as temperature, pH, ionic strength and organic matter content, were evaluated for their effect on the retention of the pesticides by the SPMDs. Studies of uptake from water were performed in a glass beaker containing 2 L distilled water spiked with 50 ng L−1 of each pesticide investigated. A SPMD was put in the beaker, under turbulent conditions, and analysed after 2 days’ extraction. The contents of each SPMD were microwave-assisted-extracted twice with 30 mL hexane–acetone, to 90 °C for 10 min, and this was followed by a cleanup based on acetonitrile partitioning and solid-phase extraction. Gas chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection was employed for determination of pesticides, and provided low limits of detection from 0.5 to 7 ng per SPMD. Higher absorption rates were observed for pyrethroid, organophosphorus and chlorinated compounds than for carbamates. Pesticide uptake rates were independent of the water composition and decreased at low temperature.
ACCESSION #
24207437

 

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