TITLE

An analysis of the spatial arrangement of the myocardial aggregates making up the wall of the left ventricle

AUTHOR(S)
Dorri, Farshad; Niederer, Peter F.; Redmann, Klaus; Lunkenheimer, Paul P.; Cryer, Colin W.; Anderson, Robert H.
PUB. DATE
March 2007
SOURCE
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery;Mar2007, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p430
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract: Objective: We used the technique of peeling of myocardial aggregates, usually described as ‘fibres’, to determine the spatial arrangement of the myocytes in the left ventricular wall of a healthy autopsied human heart. Methods: We digitised the left ventricular outer and inner boundaries, as well as the pathways in space, of almost 3000 aggregates harvested from the left ventricular myocardium. During the process of gradual peeling, we sought to identify the myocardial aggregates as uniformly as possible. Despite this, interpolation was necessary to complete the pattern so as to construct a unit vector field that represented the preferred direction of the myocardial aggregates throughout the entirety of the walls of the left ventricle of this individual human heart. Results: Apart from the overall systematic arrangement of the aggregates necessary to achieve physiologic ventricular contraction, we documented substantial local heterogeneities in the orientation of the myocardial aggregates. In particular, a significant proportion of aggregates was found to intrude obliquely with respect to the ventricular boundaries, with markedly heterogeneous distribution. Moreover, the distribution of the helical angle of the aggregates relative to the ventricular base varied notably throughout the left ventricular free walls and the septum. Within the generally quite uniform and continuous structure of the ventricular mass, we were, however, unable to identify any organised tracts or functional subunits such as a ‘helical ventricular band’, nor did we find radial fibrous lamellas coursing across the ventricular wall. Conclusion: We suggest that the impact of local anatomical inhomogeneities, associated with gradients in regional contractile function on global ventricular dynamics, has been systematically underestimated in the past. Our analysis confirms furthermore the continuous nature of the myocardium associated with an overall gross organisation of the fibre direction field; however, there is no evidence of substructures compartmentalising the ventricles.
ACCESSION #
24141309

 

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