Detekcija urođenih anomalija urinarnog sistema i razvojnog poremećaja kuka (RPK) u dojenčadi ultrazvučnim skriningom

Ćajić, Dragan; Smoljanić, Željko; Ćajić, Milijana; Vitomir, Daniela
June 2006
Acta Informatica Medica;2006, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p77
Academic Journal
Based on assessed literature and on our experience, the highest rate of disability is caused by clinical "dumb" anomalies of urinary system and improper hip growing. Aim of this study is to determinate frequents of anomalies in our area and determinate their relationship, as well as introduction of this diagnostic method in pediatric dispensers. It was organized ultrasound examination of abdomen and hips for 154 children under one year old, repeated in the period of one month due to detection of congenital anomalies in the area of East Sarajevo. None of children had clinical symptoms; three had clinical signs of hip instability. improper hip growing was diagnosed in 8% of examined children. Light growing anomaly -- hypoplasia (IIb) was found in 4% of children. Orthopedic treatment was indicated in 4% of children with displasia IIc and lucsation IV. Anomalies of urinary system are found in 12% of children, the most common dilatation of pyelo-calics system 10%. Anomalies of other abdominal organs were found in 1.9%. It is necessary to introduce diagnostic screening for both anomalies on primary level of healthcare protection, under pediatric service, done by educated pediatrician, for under three-month old children. family doctor has not enough education for this activity.


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