TITLE

Attitude Towards Artwork in the Israeli Kindergarten and the Reproduction of Social Status

AUTHOR(S)
Toren, Zehava
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
Studies in Art Education;Winter2007, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p172
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This research analyzes the attitude of teachers, children, and parents toward artwork in Israeli kindergartens and the role this attitude plays in the reproduction theory of social status. This micro-ethnographic field research was carried out in two kindergartens. The teacher and the majority of parents of Kindergarten A concurred with the authoritative approach to art, focusing on standardization, which defines the teacher's role as evaluator, demonstrator, and conveyer of proper working habits and techniques. The teacher and parents of Kindergarten B concurred with the creative approach, focusing on self-expression, originality, imagination, and curiosity, and on the individual, encouraging and advising at the child's request. Both approaches are reflected in the children's interviews, if in somewhat different balance. In the socialization and acculturation processes, the educational system succeeded in creating a set of values that were shared by parents, children, and educators, according to the children's specific social status. The acquiescence of all concerned on how to impart artwork activities reinforces the existing social structure. This research is unique in its examination of the social aspect of artwork done in kindergartens, in light of the fact that the educational literature regards artwork as individualistic in nature, and fostering personal expression.
ACCESSION #
24050986

 

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