TITLE

Enhanced expression of hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor lype 2-related small peptide at the invasive front of colon cancers

AUTHOR(S)
Uchiyama, S.; Itoh, H.; Naganuma, S.; Nagaike, K.; Fukushima, I.; Tanaka, H.; Hamasuna, R.; Chijiiwa, K.; Kataoka, H.
PUB. DATE
February 2007
SOURCE
Gut;Feb2007, Vol. 56 Issue 2, p215
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 2-related small peptide (H2RSP) is a small nuclear protein abundantly expressed in the gastrointestinal epithelium. However, its functions remain unknown. Aims: To investigate the expression and localisation of H2RSP in normal, injured and neoplastic human intestinal tissue. Methods: Immunohistochemical examination and in situ hybridisation for H2RSP were performed using normal and diseased intestinal specimens. Its subcellular localisation and effects on the cellular proliferation and invasiveness were examined using cultured cells. Results: In the normal intestine, H2RSP was observed in the nuclei of surface epithelial cells and this nuclear localisation was impaired in regenerating epithelium. In vitro, the nuclear translocation of H2RSP was observed along with increasing cellular density, and an overexpression of H2RSP resulted in a reduced growth rate and enhanced invasiveness. H2RSP expression was down regulated in well-differentiated colorectal adenocarcinomas. However, a marked up regulation of the cytoplasmic H2RSP immunoreactivity was observed in cancer cells at the invasive front. These cells showed low MIB-1 labelling, an enhanced p16 expression and nuclear β-catenin. The number of H2RSP-positive cells in the invasive front of well- differentiated adenocarcinomas was considerably higher in the cases with lymph node metastases than in node-negative ones. Conclusion: In the normal intestine, the nuclear accumulation of H2RSP is a marker of differentiated epithelial cells. Although H2RSP was down regulated in colorectal adenocarcinomas, a paradoxical up regulation was observed in actively invading carcinoma cells. H2RSP immunoreactivity at the invasive front may serve as a marker of invasive phenotype of well-differentiated colon cancers.
ACCESSION #
24040265

 

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