TITLE

Maternal Stress / Distress and Low Birth Weight, Preterm Birth andIntrauterine Growth Restriction - A Review

AUTHOR(S)
Rondó, Patricia H. C.
PUB. DATE
February 2007
SOURCE
Current Women's Health Reviews;2007, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p13
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this article a PubMed (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez), ISI Web of Science (www.isinet.com/isi) and Lilacs(www.bireme.br) literature review was carried out from 1986 to 2005, to search for publications which assessed theassociations between maternal stress/distress and low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth and intrauterine growthrestriction (IUGR). The studies investigated have yielded different results. The reasons are probably related to theterminology of stress and distress (not yet standardized); utilization of different instruments and populations to evaluatethese psychological disorders; the fact that a considerable percentage of the studies did not use adequate sample sizes, andthat some of them were retrospective in design. The impact of stress/distress on preterm birth and LBW seems to be moreimportant than its impact on IUGR. According to the majority of the studies assessed in this review, women exposed toacute stress in early pregnancy and to distress (anxiety, depression, etc) in late pregnancy are at significantly increasedrisk of shortened gestation. In conclusion, interventions to prevent stress/distress have to start before conception.Appropriate programmes should be carried out to address the origins and effects of stress/distress to pregnant women, toimplement relevant preventive interventions.
ACCESSION #
23981800

 

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics