Formation Errors of the Vertebral Column

Kusumi, Kenro; Turnpenny, Peter D.
February 2007
Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;Feb2007 Supplement 1, Vol. 89-A, p64
Academic Journal
The article discusses several formation errors of the vertebral column. Disruptions in the normal induction and formation of the axial skeleton during embryonic development cause congenital vertebral malformations. The disruption of somitogenesis, the process in which somites or transient precursors of the axial skeleton are formed, also cause vertebral malformations including uneven segments, fused segments and the failure of the midline fusion of the vertebrae.


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