Fate and occurrence of X-ray contrast media in the environment

Pérez, Sandra; Barceló, Damià
February 2007
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Feb2007, Vol. 387 Issue 4, p1235
Academic Journal
Interest in the presence of pharmaceuticals in the environment has recently increased. Despite continuous research efforts there is still a large gap in our knowledge of their fate and effects on the ecosystem. This review covers current information on the occurrence of iodinated X-ray contrast media (ICM) in the environment and developments in the analysis of these highly polar organic micropollutants in aqueous environmental samples. Findings from monitoring surveys conducted on wastewater-treatment plants (WWTP), surface waters, and drinking waters are compiled, and strategies for removal of the compounds in WWTP and waterworks using advanced treatment are reported. Characteristics and advantages of different compound-specific or element-specific mass spectrometric techniques used to monitor ICM in the environment are compared, and applications in elucidation of the structures of biotransformation products, generated in laboratory-scale experiments that simulate sewage treatment or river water/sediment systems, are described.


Related Articles

  • An Approach to the Performance of Contrast Studies in Contrast Material--Reactive Persons. Zweiman, Burton; Mishkin, Mark M.; Hildreth, Eugene A. // Annals of Internal Medicine;Aug75, Vol. 83 Issue 2, p159 

    Describes an approach to the performance of contrast studies in persons with past histories of adverse reactions related to the use of iodine-containing radiograpic contrast media. Factors that contribute to the complexity of the problem; Medical profile of the patients; Categories used to...

  • Administration of Radiographic Contrast Medium After a Prior Adverse Reaction. Patterson, Roy; Schatz, Michael // Annals of Internal Medicine;Aug75, Vol. 83 Issue 2, p277 

    Discusses the readministration of radiographic contrast medium in a patient with a history of prior adverse reaction. Approaches to the problem of predicting an adverse reaction; Examples of cases in which radiographic contrast medium is readministered to patients.

  • Iomeprol.  // Reactions Weekly;8/6/2011, Issue 1363, p25 

    The article describes the case of a 26-year-old woman who experienced seizures and prolonged motor weakness after receiving iomeprol contrast medium, containing iodine for right carotid angiography.

  • Gadodiamide/gadopentetic acid.  // Reactions Weekly;10/13/2012, Issue 1423, p26 

    The article describes the cases of two patients who developed nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) following administration of the contrast agents gadodiamide and gadopentetic acid.

  • Iopamidol.  // Reactions Weekly;11/3/2012, Issue 1426, p28 

    The article describes the cases of two patients who developed neurotoxicity during angiography using iopamidol contrast media.

  • Iobitridol/iodixanol/iomeprol.  // Reactions Weekly;4/28/2012, Issue 1399, p19 

    The article presents case reports of four patients who developed acute generalised exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) during treatment with either iodixanol, iobitridol or iomeprol contrast media.

  • Gadodiamide.  // Reactions Weekly;10/23/2010, Issue 1324, p21 

    The article describes the cases of two patients who developed various toxicities after receiving an injection of gadodiamide used as a contrast agent during a spinal procedure.

  • Ioxaglate sodium.  // Reactions Weekly;7/28/2012, Issue 1412, p26 

    The article describes the case of a 61-year-old woman who experienced early encephalic toxicity, opisthotonic spasms and respiratory failure following inadvertent intrathecal injection of ioxaglate sodium during lumbar myelography for low back pain.

  • Contrast media/glucocorticoids.  // Reactions Weekly;9/23/2006, Issue 1120, p9 

    This article presents a case study involving an elderly female patient who presented for a cardiac catheterization with contrast medium due to unstable angina and positive cardiac stress test. A year before presentation, the patient had received intra-articular glucocorticoid injection on her...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics