TITLE

Sensitive and selective determination of glutathione in probiotic bacteria by capillary electrophoresis–laser induced fluorescence

AUTHOR(S)
Musenga, Alessandro; Mandrioli, Roberto; Bonifazi, Paolo; Kenndler, Ernst; Pompei, Anna; Raggi, Maria Augusta
PUB. DATE
February 2007
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Feb2007, Vol. 387 Issue 3, p917
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Glutathione (GSH) is a thiol with an important function in protecting tissue against the oxidative stress which has been related to carcinogenesis in the colon. For this reason the development of probiotic species producing glutathione could be of great interest. To determine the glutathione content of some probiotic bacteria of the Bifidobacterium and Lactococcus genera, a very sensitive and selective analytical method based on capillary electrophoresis coupled to laser-induced fluorescence detection has been developed. Pretreatment of cell-lysate samples is very simple—precipitation of protein with acetonitrile in 1:2 volume ratio. The fluorophore 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein (5-IAF) was chosen for glutathione derivatisation; it reacts with thiols at pH 12.5, forming a fluorescent adduct which is excited by a laser at 488 nm for detection. The reaction conditions optimised were temperature, time, and 5-IAF/GSH molar ratio. Electrophoresis was performed with a carbonate buffer (25 mmol L−1, pH 9.8) as background electrolyte and a voltage of 30 kV; an electrophoretic run was complete in less than 7 min. There was a good linear relationship between concentration and response in the range 2.5–500 ng mL−1 and the LOD was 0.5 ng mL−1. The glutathione content of probiotic cells was determined by using the standard additions method to reduce matrix effects. The method was fully validated and shown to be of suitable sensitivity and selectivity for determination of GSH in probiotic cell lysates.
ACCESSION #
23819295

 

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