TITLE

Pudendal Nerve Terminal Motor Latency in Patients With or Without Soiling 5 Years or more after Low Anterior Resection for Lower Rectal Cancer

AUTHOR(S)
Tomita, Ryouichi; Igarashi, Seigo; Ikeda, Taro; Koshinaga, Tsugumichi; Fujisaki, Shigeru; Tanjoh, Katsuhisa
PUB. DATE
February 2007
SOURCE
World Journal of Surgery;Feb2007, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p403
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
To clarify the neurological function with respect to external anal sphincter (EAS) muscles in patients with or without soiling after low anterior resection (LAR) for lower rectal cancer, we examined the terminal motor latency in the pudendal motor nerves (PNTML). Thirty-eight patients after LAR for lower rectal cancer were studied electrophysiologically and compared with 30 healthy volunteers as controls (19 men and 11 women, aged 44 to 76 years of age, with a mean age of 65.5 years). Patients after LAR were divided into two groups [18 patients with soiling (12 men and 6 women, aged 51 to 77 years with a mean age of 64.8 years), 20 patients without soiling (13 men and 7 women, aged 47 to 75 years with a mean age of 62.1 years)]. The mean follow-up time from LAR was 67.2 months (range 60–84 months). Bilateral (left-sided and right-sided) PNTML tests were performed on all patients in order to measure the latency of the response in the bilateral EAS muscle following digitally directed transrectal pudendal nerve stimulation. The distance from the anal verge to the level of anastomosis in patients with soiling (mean, 2.2 cm) was significantly shorter than that in patients without soiling (mean, 4.1 cm) ( P < 0.05). Conduction delay of the bilateral PNTML in patients with soiling was longer than that in patients without soiling and normal subjects, significantly ( P < 0.01, respectively). There was no significant difference between the right-sided and left-sided PNTML. These findings support the hypothesis that soiling after LAR may be partially caused by damage to the bilateral pudendal motor nerves.
ACCESSION #
23819180

 

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