TITLE

Pyloroplasty with Fundoplication in the Treatment of Combined Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Bloating

AUTHOR(S)
Masqusi, Suhair; Velanovich, Vic
PUB. DATE
February 2007
SOURCE
World Journal of Surgery;Feb2007, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p332
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Although gastroparesis does not influence gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or antireflux surgery, many patients with GERD will also suffer from gastroparesis-related bloating as a distinct symptom different from GERD-related symptoms. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a pyloroplasty with a fundoplication will improve bloating symptoms in these patients. A prospectively gathered database of all patients undergoing antireflux surgery was reviewed. All patients underwent history, physical examination, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, esophageal manometry, 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring, and, selectively, contrast upper gastrointestinal radiography. Patients with symptoms of bloating also underwent gastric emptying scintigraphy. All patients completed the GERD-Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) symptom severity questionnaire. One of the items of this instrument relates to bloating. The item is scored from 0 (asymptomatic) to 5 (incapacitating) based on descriptive anchors. Patients with symptomatic GERD and objective findings by physiologic testing were offered antireflux surgery. Those with delayed gastric emptying (defined as T1/2 > 120 minutes) were also offered a pyloroplasty. Operations performed included a laparoscopic or open Nissen or Toupet fundoplication with a Heineke–Mickulicz pyloroplasty. Postoperatively, patients completed the GERD-HRQL and had a gastric emptying scintigraphy performed. Three-hundred and sixty-nine patients underwent antireflux surgery; of these, 35 patients also had a pyloroplasty. Twenty-eight (80%) of these patients reported significant symptomatic improvement. The median preoperative bloating score improved from 4 to 1 postoperatively ( P < 0.05), and the median gastric emptying scintigraphy T1/2 improved from 244 to 112 minutes ( P < 0.05). Although gastroparesis may not contribute to symptoms of GERD, it can contribute to symptoms of bloating. Bloating symptoms improved in 80% of patients with the addition of a pyloroplasty. Therefore, addition of pyloroplasty to a fundoplication in patients with gastroparesis-related bloating can improve bloating symptoms.
ACCESSION #
23819175

 

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