TITLE

Quantitative assessment of regional emphysema distribution in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

AUTHOR(S)
Stavngaard, T.; Shaker, S. B.; Bach, K. S.; Stoel, B. C.; Dirksen, A.
PUB. DATE
November 2006
SOURCE
Acta Radiologica;Nov2006, Vol. 47 Issue 9, p914
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: To compare objective and subjective assessment of the distribution of emphysema in unselected patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Material and Methods: 167 patients were computed tomography (CT) scanned, and the relative area (RA-910) of emphysema in each CT slice was plotted against table position. The craniocaudal distribution was calculated as the slope of the regression line, and grouped as upper-lung-zone predominance (ULP), lower-lung-zone predominance (LLP), or mild/homogeneous distribution (MHE). CT scans were also classified as ULP, LLP, and MHE based on visual assessment of three high-resolution CT (HRCT) slices, and the leading pattern of emphysema was classified as centrilobular (CLE), paraseptal (PSE), panlobular (PLE), or no emphysema (NE). Results: By objective classification, scans were divided into almost equal numbers of ULP, LLP, and MHE, whereas visual evaluation classified more scans as ULP (P<0.001) and very few as LLP (P<0.0001). In patients with CLE, 49% had ULP by objective classification, whereas LLP was the commonest leading pattern in PSE, PLE, and NE. Conclusion: We found significant discrepancies between the objective and subjective distributions of emphysema in various morphological patterns, which may be of clinical importance in, for instance, lung-volume-reduction surgery.
ACCESSION #
23815019

 

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