Cuadrado, Javier Tamarit
June 2006
Psicologia Educativa;jun2006, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p5
Academic Journal
This paper examines the shift taking place in the developmental disabilities within the educational field, from models focussed on clinical symptoms and the deficits in adaptive abilities to models focussed on the personal achievement assessed in terms of quality of life. In order to understand this shift, some clues leading to a defined cultural conceptualization of this disorder are provided and about the shift to models oriented to personal achievement. As with other developmental disabilities, the emphasis has traditionally been placed in this case more on an education oriented to symptoms and abilities and less on the person centred education although things are changing. These changes encompass new roles in experts. These roles involve a combination of technique with empathy and ethics. It also involves the active role played by the autistic person and a consideration of his/her rights, interests and opinions. Intervention models should stress the search of a valued personal achievement, in terms of a quality of life, also pursuing the active involvement of the person and his/her family.


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