TITLE

Changes in the Prevalence of Asthma and Allergic Diseases among Brazilian Schoolchildren (13–14 years old): Comparison between ISAAC Phases One and Three

AUTHOR(S)
D. Solé; K. C. Melo; I. C. Camelo-Nunes; L. S. Freitas; M. Britto; N. A. Rosário; M. Jones; G. B. Fischer; C. K. Naspitz
PUB. DATE
February 2007
SOURCE
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics;Feb2007, Vol. 53 Issue 1, p13
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The present study is aimed to describe the changes in the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis and eczema among Brazilian adolescents (AD, 13–14 years old) between Phases 1 and 3 of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). The prevalence of self-reported symptoms of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in AD from five Brazilian cities (Curitiba, Porto Alegre, Recife, Salvador and São Paulo), obtained during ISAAC Phase 1 (n = 15 419) and Phase 3 (n = 15 684), was compared to determine the trend of prevalence in a 7-year interval. There was a trend to reduction in the current prevalence of wheezing and increasing of nocturnal cough when averaging figures from the five cities. The prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months was 27.7 vs. 19.9% (p < 0.01); asthma ever 14.9 vs. 14.7% (p > 0.05); severe episode of wheezing 5.2 vs. 5.2%; nocturnal cough 32.6 vs. 34.9% (p < 0.01); exercise wheezing 23.6 vs. 23.0% (p > 0.05) and awake with wheezing 11.8 vs. 11.2% (p > 0.05). Similar things were observed with the prevalence of current symptoms of rhinitis and eczema. In Brazil, there was a small but significant mean decrease in the prevalence of two asthma-related symptoms, wheezing and nocturnal cough, though this trend was not consistent in the surveyed cities. The prevalence of asthma symptoms in Brazil, despite its mean trend to a decrease, is still one of the highest in Latin America.
ACCESSION #
23787270

 

Related Articles

  • Living with Allergies & Asthma. Arenofsky, Janice // Current Health 1;Nov2002, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p6 

    Presents facts about asthma and allergies.

  • Allergies and Asthma.  // World Almanac & Book of Facts;2000, p731 

    No abstract available.

  • Clinical characteristics of chemical sensitivity: An illustrative case history of asthma and MCS. Ross, Gerald H. // Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements;Mar1997 Supplement 2, Vol. 105, p437 

    Presents a case history of a forty-two-year-old registered nurse diagnosed with asthma and multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS). History of presenting illness; Common features of MCS identified with asthmatic patient; Chemical exposures that trigger MCS symptoms; Treatment approaches that reduce...

  • Asthma and contact urticaria from latex gloves in a hospital nurse Fiorito, Antonio; Larese, Francesca; De Zotti, Renata // British Journal of Industrial Medicine;Aug1992, Vol. 49 Issue 8, p596 

    No abstract available.

  • Allergies and Asthma.  // World Almanac & Book of Facts;2001, p721 

    Discusses the incidence of Americans suffering from allergies and asthma. Tendency to develop allergies usually inherited; When allergies begin to appear; Allergen avoidance; Treatment, such as antihistamine use and gradual desensitization; Symptoms of people with asthma; Lack of a cure for asthma.

  • Allergies and Asthma.  // World Almanac & Book of Facts;2002, p746 

    Discusses the incidence of Americans suffering from allergies and asthma. Tendency to develop allergies usually inherited; When allergies begin to appear; Allergen avoidance; Treatment, such as antihistamine use and gradual desensitization; Symptoms of people with asthma; Lack of a cure for asthma.

  • Allergies and Asthma.  // World Almanac & Book of Facts;2003, p93 

    Discusses the incidence of Americans suffering from allergies and asthma. Tendency to develop allergies usually inherited; When allergies begin to appear; Allergen avoidance; Treatment, such as antihistamine use and gradual desensitization; Symptoms of people with asthma; Lack of a cure for asthma.

  • Allergies and Asthma.  // World Almanac & Book of Facts;2004, p94 

    Discusses the incidence of Americans suffering from allergies and asthma. Tendency to develop allergies usually inherited; When allergies begin to appear; Allergen avoidance; Treatment, such as antihistamine use and gradual desensitization; Symptoms of people with asthma; Lack of a cure for asthma.

  • Winning the Battle Against Allergies and Asthma. Kowalski, Kathiann M. // Current Health 2;Oct99, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p6 

    Offers tips for helping the body fight chronic allergies and asthma. INSET: Athletes With Asthma.

  • Literature reviews. Birnkrant, David J. // Clinical Pediatrics;Dec1997, Vol. 36 Issue 12, p723 

    Presents a summary of the study on allergy and exposure to specific allergen associated with asthma. Purpose of the study; Prick-puncture skin testing method; Morbidity assessment; Result of the study; Importance of the study.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics