Symmetry and Topology in Quantum Logic

Wilce, Alexander
December 2005
International Journal of Theoretical Physics;Dec2005, Vol. 44 Issue 12, p2303
Academic Journal
A test space is a collection of non-empty sets, usually construed as the catalogue of (discrete) outcome sets associated with a family of experiments. Subject to a simple combinatorial condition called algebraicity, a test space gives rise to a “quantum logic”—that is, an orthoalgebra. Conversely, all orthoalgebras arise naturally from algebraic test spaces. In non-relativistic quantum mechanics, the relevant test space is the set ℱ F( H) of frames (unordered orthonormal bases) of a Hilbert space H. The corresponding logic is the usual one, i.e., the projection lattice L( H) of H. The test space ℱ F( H) has a strong symmetry property with respect to the unitary group of H, namely, that any bijection between two frames lifts to a unitary operator. In this paper, we consider test spaces enjoying the same symmetry property relative to an action by a compact topological group. We show that such a test space, if algebraic, gives rise to a compact, atomistic topological orthoalgebra. We also present a construction that generates such a test space from purely group-theoretic data, and obtain a simple criterion for this test space to be algebraic.


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