TITLE

Multi-Gas Emission Reduction for Climate Change Policy: An Application of Fund

AUTHOR(S)
Tol, Richard S. J.
PUB. DATE
October 2006
SOURCE
Energy Journal;Multi-Greenhouse Gas Mitigation, Vol. 27, p235
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The costs of greenhouse gas emission reduction with abatement of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide are investigated using the FUND model. The central policy scenario keeps anthropogenic radiative forcing below 4.5 Wm�. If CO2 emission reduction were the only possibility to meet this target, the net present value of consumption losses would be $45 trillion; with abatement of the other gases added, costs fall to $33 trillion. The bulk of these costs savings can be ascribed to reductions of nitrous oxide. Because nitrous oxide emission reduction is so much more important than methane emission reduction, the choice of equivalence metric between the greenhouse gases does not matter much. Sensitivity analyses show that the shape of the cost curves for CH4 and N2O emission reductions matter, and that the inclusion of sulphate aerosols makes policy targets substantially harder to achieve. The costs of emission reduction vary greatly with the choice of stabilisation target. A target of 4.5 Wm-2 is not justified by our current knowledge of the damage costs of climate change.
ACCESSION #
23714775

 

Related Articles

  • Radiative Forcing Due to Anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Finland: Methods for Estimating Forcing of a Country or an Activity. Monni, Suvi; Korhonen, Riitta; Savolainen, Ilkka // Environmental Management;Mar2003, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p0401 

    The objective of this study was to assess the radiative forcing due to Finnish anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in three scenarios. All the Kyoto Protocol gases, i.e., CO2, CH4, N2O, and fluorinated gases, were included. The calculations showed that forcing due to Finnish emissions will...

  • U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Human Activities, 1990-2002.  // World Almanac & Book of Facts;2005, p175 

    The article provides statistical information about the U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from human activities during 990-2002. Some of the factors considered in the information are: name of the gas emitted, source of the gas, fossil furl combustion and others. Some of the gases that were emitted in...

  • India's Non-CO2 GHG Emissions: Development Pathways and Mitigation Flexibility. Shukla, P. R.; Garg, Amit; Kapshe, Manmohan; Nairs, Rajesh // Energy Journal;Multi-Greenhouse Gas Mitigation, Vol. 27, p461 

    This paper analyses the future trends (2000-2030) in Methane and Nitrous Oxide emissions across four scenarios that have been developed for India. The future state of Indian economy in the next 30-years has been broadly visualized under four scenarios proposed as combinations of market...

  • House Panel Releases Plan for Capping CO2 Emissions. Sissell, Kara // Chemical Week;10/10/2007, Vol. 169 Issue 33, p40 

    The article reports on a white paper issued by Democrats on the U.S. House Energy and Commerce Committee recommending a mandatory cap-and-trade program. The program aims to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from 60 to 80% by 2050. The proposed program would cover five types of GHG: carbon...

  • Mitigation of Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Waste, Energy and Industry. Delhotal, K. Casey; De la Chesnaye, Francisco C.; Gardiner, Ann; Bates, Judith; Sankovski, Alexei // Energy Journal;Multi-Greenhouse Gas Mitigation, Vol. 27, p45 

    Traditionally, economic analyses of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation focused on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from energy sources, while non-CO2 GHGs were not incorporated into the studies, due to the lack of data on abatement costs of non-CO2 GHGs. In recent years, however, increasing attention...

  • Non-CO2 greenhouse gases and climate change. Montzka, S. A.; Dlugokencky, E. J.; Butler, J. H. // Nature;8/4/2011, Vol. 476 Issue 7358, p43 

    Earth's climate is warming as a result of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel combustion. Anthropogenic emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases, such as methane, nitrous oxide and ozone-depleting substances (largely from sources other...

  • Carbon, nitrogen and Greenhouse gases budgets over a four years crop rotation in northern France. Loubet, Benjamin; Laville, Patricia; Lehuger, Simon; Larmanou, Eric; Fléchard, Christophe; Mascher, Nicolas; Genermont, Sophie; Roche, Romain; Ferrara, Rossana; Stella, Patrick; Personne, Erwan; Durand, Brigitte; Decuq, Céline; Flura, Dominique; Masson, Sylvie; Fanucci, Olivier; Rampon, Jean-Noël; Siemens, Jan; Kindler, Reimo; Gabrielle, Benoit // Plant & Soil;Jun2011, Vol. 343 Issue 1/2, p109 

    Croplands mainly act as net sources of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO) and nitrous oxide (NO), as well as nitrogen oxide (NO), a precursor of troposheric ozone. We determined the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) balance of a four-year crop rotation, including maize, wheat, barley and...

  • Greenhouse gas mitigation in rice-wheat system with leaf color chart-based urea application. Bhatia, Arti; Pathak, Himanshu; Jain, Niveta; Singh, Pawan; Tomer, Ritu // Environmental Monitoring & Assessment;May2012, Vol. 184 Issue 5, p3095 

    Conventional blanket application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer results in more loss of N from soil system and emission of nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas (GHG). The leaf color chart (LCC) can be used for real-time N management and synchronizing N application with crop demand to reduce GHG emission....

  • Long-Term Multi-Gas Scenarios to Stabilise Radiative Forcing -- Exploring Costs and Benefits Within an Integrated Assessment Framework. Van Vuuren, D. P.; Eickhout, B.; Lucas, P. L.; Den Elzen, M. G. J. // Energy Journal;Multi-Greenhouse Gas Mitigation, Vol. 27, p201 

    This paper presents a set of multi-gas mitigation scenarios that aim for stabilisation of greenhouse gas radiative forcing in 2150 at levels from 3.7 to 5.3 W/m�. At the moment, non-CO2 gasses (methane, nitrous oxide, PFCs, HFCs and SF2) contribute to about a quarter of the global...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics