Factors Affecting Prognosis in Patients with Gastric Trauma

Edelman, David A.; White, Michael T.; Tyburski, James G.; Wilson, Robert F.
January 2007
American Surgeon;Jan2007, Vol. 73 Issue 1, p48
Academic Journal
Morbidity and mortality after gastric injury is usually the result of associated injuries. The authors conducted a retrospective study of 544 consecutive patients with gastric trauma requiring emergency surgery. Blunt injuries had the highest mortality and length of stay. The mortality of a proximal stomach injury was 43 per cent (9 of 21) and was significantly higher than the 19 per cent mortality seen in patients with more distal injuries (P < 0.01). The majority of gastric injuries were closed primarily (492 of 544 or 90%). The patients requiring more than a primary repair had a higher mortality (22 of 52 or 42% vs. 87 of 492 or 18%; P <0.001), required more blood (16 ± 16 U vs. 6 ± 11 U; P < 0.001), had an increased rate of surgical site infections (17 of 52 or 33% vs. 75 of 492 or 15"/o; P = 0.001), and had an increased length of stay (20 ± 30 days vs. 13 ± 18 days; P = 0.024). There were 22 patients with an isolated gastric injury, and all of these patients survived. Patients with an associated arterial injury had the highest mortality (49%) and highest incidence of shock (64%). Patients with colon and gastric injuries had the highest (48 of 176 or 52%) surgical site infection rate. Isolated gastric injury is rare, but is associated with low morbidity and mortality. The mechanism of injury, location of injury, and type of repair used all affect patient outcomes with gastric injury.


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