TITLE

Multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity in health research, services, education and policy: 1. Definitions, objectives, and evidence of effectiveness

AUTHOR(S)
Choi, Bernard C. K.; Pak, Anita W. P.
PUB. DATE
December 2006
SOURCE
Clinical & Investigative Medicine;Dec2006, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p351
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background/Purpose: Teamwork involving multiple disciplines is increasingly emphasized in health research, services, education and policy. The terms multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary are increasingly used in the literature, but are ambiguously defined and interchangeably used. This paper is the first of two in a series. It discusses the definitions, objectives, and evidence of effectiveness of such teamwork. Methods. The paper is a literature review based on dictionaries, and Google and MEDLINE (1982-2006) searches. Results. Multidisciplinarity draws on knowledge from different disciplines but stays within their boundaries. Interdisciplinarity analyzes, synthesizes and harmonizes links between disciplines into a coordinated and coherent whole. Transdisciplinarity integrates the natural, social and health sciences in a humanities context, and transcends their traditional boundaries. The objectives of multiple disciplinary approaches are to resolve real world or complex problems, to provide different perspectives on problems, to create comprehensive research questions, to develop consensus clinical definitions and guidelines, and to provide comprehensive health services. Multiple disciplinary teamwork has both benefits and drawbacks. Conclusion. The three terms refer to the involvement of multiple disciplines to varying degrees on the same continuum. The common words for multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary are additive, interactive and holistic respectively. With their own specific meanings, these terms should not be used interchangeably. The more general term ‘multiple disciplinary’ is suggested for when the nature of involvement of multiple disciplines is teamwork is appropriate for complex problems, its is not always necessary in every single project.
ACCESSION #
23637429

 

Related Articles

  • New APHA policies reflect concern over attacks on science. Krisberg, Kim // Nation's Health;Dec2003/Jan2004, Vol. 33 Issue 10, p6 

    Reports on the three policies of the American Public Health Association (APHA) that will provide a foundation for advocates fighting threats to public health science and research as of December 2003. Focus of the policies; Issues addressed by the policies; Details of the statement released by...

  • How the Health Education Council can help. Maryon-Davis, Alan // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);1/1/1983, Vol. 286 Issue 6358, p23 

    Focuses on the contributions of Health Education Council (HEC) in the prevention of diseases in London, England. Description of HEC; Publication of booklets, leaflets and posters appropriate for use in general practice; Utilization of local radio stations to serve the community.

  • Elements: in this month's issue. Donnelly, Seamas C. // QJM: An International Journal of Medicine;Aug2014, Vol. 107 Issue 8, p601 

    No abstract available.

  • Protocol for a national, mixed-methods knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on non-communicable diseases.  // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p961 

    The article focuses on a study that explores the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of the adult population regarding Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) and injuries in Mongolia. The sample were selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique including rural and urban sites. The...

  • Relating health education research to health policy. Whitelaw, A.; Williams, J. // Health Education Research;Dec1994, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p519 

    The article focuses on the nature of policy-oriented health education research. While adopting a sharper political orientation, health education research could legitimately become less concerned with the restrictive nature of academic formalism with research. It has been discovered that the...

  • Public health service options for affordable and accessible noncommunicable disease and related chronic disease prevention and management. Brownie, Sharon; Hills, Andrew P.; Rossiter, Rachel // Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare;2014, Vol. 7, p543 

    Globally, nations are confronted with the challenge of providing affordable health services to populations with increasing levels of noncommunicable and chronic disease. Paradoxically, many nations can both celebrate increases in life expectancy and bemoan parallel increases in chronic disease...

  • Where Different Worlds Collide: Expanding the Influence of Research and Researchers on Policy. Moodie, Rob // Journal of Public Health Policy;2009 Supplement 1, Vol. 30, pS33 

    The author reflects on how public health researches can convince policy makers to implement health programs based on their research. He provides an overview of the research conducted in Melbourne, Victoria on women's health and the successful health program in India which was embedded on a...

  • Strengthening health research capacity to address adolescent fertility in Northeast Brazil. Câmara, Saionara M. A.; Sentell, Tetine; Bassani, Diego G.; Domingues, Marlos R.; Pirkle, Catherine M.; Câmara, Saionara Ma // Journal of Global Health;Jun2019, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    No abstract available.

  • Capturing complexity: integrating health and education research to inform health-promoting schools policy and practice. Rowling, Louise; Jeffreys, Vicki // Health Education Research;Oct2006, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p705 

    Despite the intersectoral nature of health promotion practice many programs limit their evidence base to health sector research and do not draw on evidence from other sectors' research in program design. To help ensure programs are relevant and acceptable to intersectoral partners and intended...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics