TITLE

Complex Repair for the Management of Duodenal Injuries

AUTHOR(S)
Velmahos, George C.; Kamel, Eman
PUB. DATE
October 1999
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Oct1999, Vol. 65 Issue 10, p972
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The management of duodenal injuries is a subject of ongoing debate. In this study we attempt to describe duodenum-related morbidity (DRM) after primary repair or complex repair (CR) and to identify risk factors for development of complications. The medical records of 145 consecutive patients admitted to Los Angeles County+University of Southern California Medical Center with duodenal injuries between January 1991 and December 1997 were reviewed. Fifty-four (37%) died within 24 hours of admission because of associated injuries. The remaining 91 were subjected to univariate and multivariate analysis. Of them, 66 (72.5%) developed complications and 3 (3%) died. CR was used in 32 (35%) patients and with increasing frequency as the grade of duodenal injury increased. DRM rate was overall low (9%) and not different between low-grade and high-grade duodenal injuries. This occurred despite a significant increase in Injury Severity Score and abdominal Abbreviated Injury Score in patients with more severe duodenal injuries. Patients with overall complications had higher Injury Severity Scores, higher abdominal Abbreviated Injury Scores, and more severe duodenal injuries. We conclude that duodenal injuries are frequently associated with other highly lethal injuries. Liberal use of CR in patients with more severe duodenal injuries prevents DRM.
ACCESSION #
2351963

 

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